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Schizophrenia Essay

997 words - 4 pages

Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental illnesses. Approximately 1 to 2 percent of the world's population develops this disease with in their life time. The syndrome was first described as a single disorder by German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin. Schizophrenia is a chronic disease that can possibly happen to anyone, it has no boundaries. It has many symptoms and subtypes to go along with it. When diagnosing schizophrenia the patient has to have the disease for at least six months. The best treatment for the disease is a rehabilitation model.In 1896 Emil Kraeplin had discovered 'dementia praecox', which means intellectual deterioration in early adulthood. He divided the disease into four subtypes: simple, which is marked by apathy and social with drawl, paranoid, which is an attendant fear and delusions, hebephrenic and catatonic, which were characterized by a lack of movement and expression. Later in the 20th century a Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler renamed the disease schizophrenia. He felt that dementia praecox did not serve well as a name and all of Kraeplin's research had not been exactly proven. Bleuler also had a new way to define schizophrenia. He split it into his four A's; Affect would refer to the moderate emotional responses, loosening of Associations which referred to the disordered pattern of thoughts, Ambivalence which referred inability to make decisions, and finally Autism which was a loss of awareness to external events. All of the early physiatrist's research was a beginning to this broad mental illness with various characteristics.Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. The major disabilities of this disease occur in the area of thinking, feeling and behavior. People with schizophrenia suffer from symptoms of delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, loss of boundaries, inappropriate emotional expression as well as behavior, loss of social interest and the deterioration in areas of functioning in self care, work and social relations. Patients suffer from three nuclear dysfunctions. They fail to manage anxiety, fail to manage interpersonal relationships and have a failure of historicity. This has an affect on the person's society, culture, social class, physical environment and biology of the individual.Although schizophrenia affects both men and women equally, the disorder often appears earlier in men. Men see the disease in their late teens or early twenties; women are generally affected in their twenties to early thirties. Overall, schizophrenia can affect anyone. There is no distinction as to who can or cannot be schizophrenic. Schizophrenia usually occurs at late adolescence or early adulthood, if anything. However, the causes of this disease vary. There are theories that suggest schizophrenia can be triggered by a bad childhood or lack of affection. There is also a genetic factor in which the disease could be carried on by offspring. If both the environmental and genetic factors are...

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