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Schizophrenia Essay

2359 words - 9 pages

AbstractThe intentions of this paper are to clearly define what schizophrenia is in every aspect. The author will do this by discussing the history basis for the disease, what the causes of the disease are, and treatment options available to patients. Elaboration into the prevention of schizophrenia will be defined as well. Lastly, cross cultural issues and biblical worldviews will be researched as well.Keywords: schizophrenia, causes, treatment, prevention, cross cultural, biblical worldviewsSchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a disease that affects the brain. A person with schizophrenia can find it difficult to differentiate between facts and fantasy. They often have trouble with logical thinking and also find it difficult to have a normal social interaction with the outside world. There is more and more research recently being conducted on this disease. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, also known as, DSM, classifies disorders. These disorders then can be diagnosed after certain criteria are met. The fourth edition of this manual tells us that a person must present with two or more symptoms significantly during a one month period to be diagnosed with schizophrenia. These symptoms are delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior and negative symptoms, such as, affective flattening, alogia or avolition. If the person appears to suffer from delusions or hallucinations that consist of a voice consistently commentating on the person's behavior or thoughts or there are two or voices conversing together, then only one criterion needs to be met. People diagnosed with schizophrenia will also exhibit some type of social or occupational dysfunction. The DSM-IV also advises that there are five sub-classifications of schizophrenia. These are paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual. Within this paper, schizophrenia will be discussed in detail focusing on historical factors, causes, treatment and prevention. The paper will also explore the cross cultural issues and biblical worldviews of schizophrenia.HistoricalIt is important for one to understand the history of schizophrenia before exploring the other aspects of the disease. The disease was first described as a mental illness by Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887 and the term schizophrenia has been used for less than a century. The website focusing on schizophrenia tells us:Written documents that identify schizophrenia can be traced to the old Pharaonic Egypt, as far back as the second millennium before Christ. Depression, dementia, as well as thought disturbances that are typical in schizophrenia are described in detail in the Book of Hearts. The Heart and the mind seem to have been synonymous in ancient Egypt. The physical illnesses were regarded as symptoms of the heart and the uterus and originating from the blood vessels or from purulence, fecal matter, a poison or demons (www.schizophrenia.com, n.d.).At some point in...

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