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Schizophrenia Essay

2050 words - 9 pages

Schizophrenia is defined as a severe disabling mental illness. A person with this illness may be completely out of touch with what is going on around them. For example, the individual suffering from Schizophrenia may hear voices, see people who are not there (ghost in other words), and or feel bugs crawling on their skin when in actuality there are now. They may also have disorganized speech and behavior, physically rigid, emotionless, and delusions. The type of delusions where they believe that people are reading their minds, have control over their thoughts, and or plotting to hurt them. They have difficulty holding jobs and taking care of themselves.
The word Schizophrenia has been used ...view middle of the document...

The mutations involve many different genes and probably disturb brain development. It also probably takes more than just genes to cause this illness. Environmental factors may contribute as well, like a woman having certain infections while she is pregnant. Bullying, death of a parent, poverty, being a victim of abuse or even witnessing it, and insecure attachment has been linked to this mental illness as well.
Along with abnormal brain chemistry, abnormalities in the brain structure ma also play a role in Schizophrenia. In some Schizophrenics enlarged brain ventricles, cavities that are filled with cerebrospinal fluid, are seen. That indicates a loss of volume in brain tissue. There is also proof of abnormally low brain activity in the frontal lobe, the area obligated to take care of planning, reasoning, and making decisions. Other research shows that other abnormalities in the temporal lobe, hippocampus, and amygdala are linked to Schizophrenia’s positive symptoms. Despite this research though, it is very unlikely that Schizophrenia is the result of just one problem in just one region of the brain.
Men and women are equally affected by Schizophrenia. It also appears at similar rates in all ethnic groups. Between the ages of sixteen to thirty is when hallucinations and delusions begin, but men tend to start having symptoms earlier than woman. Individuals normally do not get Schizophrenia until after the age of forty-five. It rarely occurs in children but recognition of childhood-onset Schizophrenia is increasing. It is possible for teens to have Schizophrenia, it is just hard to diagnose. It may be hard because the first signs are a drop in grades, sleeping problems, irritability, and a change of friends, which are all behaviors common among teens. A combination of factors, such as isolation, withdrawal from others, an escalation of unusual thoughts and suspicions, and a family history of mental illness, can predict up to 80% of teens that are at extremely high risk of developing Schizophrenia.
Some common early warning signs of Schizophrenia are social withdrawal, hostility or suspiciousness, deterioration of personal hygiene, flat expressionless gaze, and or inability to cry or express joy. Also Inappropriate laughter or crying, depression, oversleeping, insomnia, irrational statements, forgetful or inability to concentrate, extreme reaction to criticism, and or strange use of words or way of speaking are other signs. These signs can result from numerous problems, not just Schizophrenia, but they are cause for concern.
There are five types of symptoms characteristic of Schizophrenia, which are delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, and “negative” symptoms. Symptoms do vary drastically from person to person in pattern and severity. A person will not have all the symptoms of Schizophrenia and the symptoms may change over time.
Delusion is a firmly held idea that a person ha despite clear evidence that...

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