Schizophrenia is a specific type of psychosis. It is a disorder distinguished by disturbances within thought patterns, attention and also emotion. It can also result in a complete lack of emotional expressiveness, or on occasions inappropriate ones. Every now and then it may cause disturbances in the patient’s movement and or behaviour, resulting in an unkempt appearance.
For quite a long time schizophrenia was perceived as a ‘functional disorder’ with some doctors saying it was a ‘sociological phenomenon’ (Gelder et al 1989) meaning’ patients with schizophrenia are normal people who are driven insane by an insane world’.
Schizophrenics may often be withdrawn from other people and usual everyday reality, frequently into a life of strange delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia is known to cause such huge disruption within that person’s life that it is unsurprising that it has been very difficult to find out what the underlying causes of the disorder are and to develop methods to try and treat it. There is still a long road to travel before anyone understands the various factors that trigger schizophrenia
. There are many treatments but ones that are effective as well as having no undesirable side effects are yet to be found, although the efficiency of some antipsychotic drugs and current advancement in biological research has actually countered this 70’s concept. Revolutionary scientific progression in neuroscience, genetics, brain imaging and molecular biology over the years has now supplied dependable and conclusive evidence for the biological bases that underlie schizophrenia.
Because of the severity of schizophrenic symptoms it makes finding or keeping employment very difficult. Unusual behaviour and a loss of social skills mean that schizophrenics end up leading secluded existence. They end up losing their friends and this can also lead to a life of ridicule and persecution.
The rate of substance abuse is very high (Fowler et al, 1998) perhaps a reflection of an attempt to achieve a little relief from many negative emotions that schizophrenics deal with. Therefore it is no wonder at all that the suicide rate among people with schizophrenia is so high.
The symptom of schizophrenia also has a profound impact on the lives of family and friends. The delusions and hallucinations that are had cause much distress and made far worse by the fact that all hopes and dreams have been demolished.
Schizophrenia is a very severe disorder its lifetime predominance is just under 1 percent, but it affects men a little more often than it does women. (Walker et al. 2004) Schizophrenia can begin in early childhood but is usually more apparent in later adolescence or early on in adulthood, and again this usually occurs earlier in men than women.
Although there is an extensive range of symptoms relating to schizophrenia, people with this disorder usually only display a small number of them at any given time. The DSM-IV-TR suggest...