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Schizophrenia Essay

910 words - 4 pages

Schizophrenia
I will be discussing my topic on how schizophrenia is treated and the affects of the disorder. In the book Psychology: A Journey, “schizophrenia is defined as delusions hallucination, apathy, thinking abnormalities, and a “split” between thought and emotion” (Coon and Mitterer). The illness usually occurs during late childhood or early adulthood.
There is no known cause to why people get schizophrenia. Although there are some theories that schizophrenia is caused from inherit genes, nature and dopamine. Genetics can play a big part in schizophrenia. A person is most likely to inherit schizophrenia from family members who have the illness or other mental illness associated with the disorder. For example, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder and depression. Although studies show that most people with schizophrenia do not have any family members with the illness. The environment can contribute to the disorder also if the person has high level of stress, use of drugs and even during early child hood. Dopamine can also be another cause of schizophrenia. According to the website psychiatric disorders, “Dopamine is a brain neurotransmitter necessary for relaying brain nerve cell impulses”. People with schizophrenia have a very large amount of dopamine receptors in the brain compared to an individual who does not have the disorder.
Schizophrenia has a huge impact affect on the following areas of the brain and nervous system, basal ganglia, auditory system, frontal lobe, limbic system, occipital lobe and hippocampus. The basal ganglion is affected by the disorder because it involves movement, emotion, and sensory, which contributes to hallucinations and paranoia. The auditory is affected because this is where a person hears from, which contributes to illusions, thoughts and voices. The frontal lobe is affected because this is part of the brain were people plan thoughts or reason, which affects to coordinate actions or thoughts. The limbic system is affected because it can be one of the sources of irritation to schizophrenia. The occipital lobe is affected because it makes it difficult to translate images or reading other peoples face expressions. The hippocampus is affected because it is the part of the brain that a person learns and memorizes from. According to our book Psychology : A Journey Heinrich states, “ Having an impaired “sensory filter ”in their brains may be why they are overwhelmed by a jumble of thoughts, sensations, images, and feelings(Heinrichs, 2001).
The typical symptoms associated with schizophrenia are language, thought, perception, hearing voices, hallucinations, and delusions. Schizophrenia can have a huge impact on relationships. They can be affected because it can cause a burden on the people surrounding them. According to an article written by Nemade and Dombeck they state, “Though not affected directly, family members also frequently become distressed and overwhelmed by the difficulties involved in...

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