Research Paper Rough Draft
In the early 1900’s, Eugen Bleuler coined the term “schizophrenia.” Schizophrenia is from the Greek roots “schizo” meaning split and “phrene” meaning mind. This specific mental illness is commonly characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and very unresponsive emotional behavior. Delusions are most commonly those of grandeur, persecution, and reference. Delusions of grandeur are characterized by the belief that you have special powers you do not possess. The belief everyone is after you is what makes up delusions of persecution. Lastly, the belief that everyone is talking about you and everything pertains to you is what delusions of reference are characterized by. In addition, the patient often suffers from minimal to no contact with reality. Schizophrenia is often incurable and very difficult to handle without professional care and throughout many years America has changed the way we handle the treatments of mentally ill patients. Through exorcisms, harsh experiments and even to the modernized way of medication and therapy, we as a country have come a long way in handling these illnesses.
Schizophrenia is not a simple mental illness to diagnose due to the fact that there are five types such as Paranoid, Catatonic, Disorganized, Simple, and Undifferentiated. The most commonly diagnosed form of Schizophrenia is Paranoid. Paranoid accounts for more than 50% of patients and is characterized by delusions of grandeur and persecution. This results in vivid hallucinations and absurd behaviors. The most severe form is Catatonic. Catatonic symptoms include extreme inactivity of muscles as well as single body positions that are held anywhere from days to weeks at a time. Previously called “hebrephrenic,” Disorganized Schizophrenia is the most difficult to cure. The patient shows symptoms through infantile behavior including silly babyish speech patterns and auditory hallucinations. Symptoms may also include obsessions with sex or feces. The simplest form is known as Simple Schizophrenia. Simple is merely a steady withdrawal from reality and results in severe apathy. Finally, Undifferentiated Schizophrenia is the only type that does not fit with the others. The patient often is affected by it suddenly and suffers a dream-like state due to major trauma, such as a brain injury or a denial of oxygen at birth. Symptoms include emotional turmoil and confusion. Although they are all different, a major common symptom for all Schizophrenia cases is violent behavior and irrational thoughts due to limited contact with reality.
When Schizophrenia was first discovered it was looked at as dementia praecox, a term introduced by Dr. Kraepelin. The term generally refers to any type of psychotic disorder characterized by the distortion of reality. When Kraepelin introduced the term the mentally ill were looked down on in the religious world. Patients were seen as being corrupted by the devil and one form of a treatment for these patients...