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Schizophrenia Essay

1233 words - 5 pages

Schizophrenia is the worst of all mental health disorders because it is many severe disorders all put into one such as mood disorders and psychological disorders. It is a mental health disorder that affects a persons’ reality. When the word Schizophrenia is broken into two, schizo means “Split” and phrenia means “mind” (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.562). According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 1% of Americans have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia has many different components such as causes, the people it affects, types of symptoms, and types of schizophrenia all of which will be discussed in this paper. Within schizophrenia symptoms in can be positive or negative and treating these symptoms come with different approaches.
Researchers do not exactly know what causes Schizophrenia, but it is known that Schizophrenia isn’t only caused due to genes or environment. Schizophrenia is caused by a number of different factors. The more factors that play into a person, makes it likely they will become Schizophrenic. In DeWall and Myers (2014), they discuss how prenatal environment can be a risk to developing schizophrenia (p.565). There is a link between women who get sick with the flu during the second trimester of pregnancy and their children getting increased risks of schizophrenia (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.566). However it is not known what the exact link is yet (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.566). Also, another environmental factor is famine. Scientists have learned that it schizophrenia is not one gene, however it is a number of genes that work together to cause the disorder (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.566).
Who does Schizophrenia affect? The National Institute of Mental Health explains that nearly 1 in 100 people will develop schizophrenia. Schizophrenia also has no gender barriers meaning it affects women and men equally. Schizophrenia typically occurs later in life in the age range of 16-30 years old (NIMH, 2014). Research has found that if one identical twin has schizophrenia then increasingly likely the other identical twin will have schizophrenia too, this ties back into prenatal development is classified as environmental causes because identical twins share the same placenta and womb. When broken into numbers, people with a parent or sibling that has schizophrenia increased chances of 1 in 10 and if the sibling is an identical twin, the odds are 1 in 2 (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.566).
In order to be classified a Schizophrenic one must experience a variety of symptoms. As previously stated, symptoms can be both positive and negative. Positive symptoms would be disorganized speech, hallucinations, delusions and inappropriate emotions and actions (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.562). Negative symptoms would be expressionless faces, toneless voices, muteness and rigid bodies (DeWall & Myers, 2014, p.562). Negative symptoms are perceived as negative because they are lack of proper behaviors and positive symptoms are perceived as positive because...

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