Schizophrenia And Social Dysfunction Essay

1172 words - 5 pages

Schizophrenia, also known as the splitting of the mind, is a mental disorder characterized by disintegration of thought process and of emotional responsiveness. It manifests as auditory hallucinations, paranoid and bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it are accompanied by significant social and or occupational dysfunction. It is a group of psychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions and hallucinations, and accompanied by other emotional behavioral or intellectual disturbances. There are three main factors that are involved in the diagnosis of schizophrenia: 1-Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, which is a manifestation of formal thought disorder, grossly disorganized behavior or catatonic behavior, negative symptoms, blunted affect, alogia or avolition; 2-Social or occupational dysfunction; 3- Significant duration: continuous signs of the disturbance persist for at least six months; according to the DSM IV. Delusions are a false belief based on faulty judgment about one’s environment. Hallucinations are experiencing something from any of the five senses that is not occurring in reality. Positive and negative (deficit) symptoms are important in diagnosing schizophrenia. Positive symptoms (PS) are not experienced, but are present. Delusions, disordered thoughts and speech, tactile, auditory, visual, olfactory, and gustatory hallucinations or manifestations of psychosis are all positive symptoms. Negative symptoms (NS) are deficits of normal emotional responses and thought processes that normally do not respond to medications. The patient experience a flat or blunted affect and emotion, poverty of speech (alogia), inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), lack of desire to form relationships (asociality), and or a lack of motivation (avolition). These individuals have a history of poor adjustment and normally do not respond to medications. The individual is left with nonspecific symptoms, but no longer psychotic ones, which is known as residual effects. The prodromal stage is the early stages of the illness and normally comes before the residual stage. The two stages last at least six months. The individual will also show signs of disorganizational syndrome, speech and behavioral disorganization or general disorganization.
Schizophrenia is broken down into several different subtypes according to the DSM IV. The first would be paranoid type, which is where delusions and hallucinations are present but thought disorder, disorganized behavior and affective flattening are absent. The next subtype would be the disorganized type, which is named hebephrenic schizophrenia in the ICD disorder and flat affect are present together. Then you have the catatonic type, which is immobile or exhibit agitated, purposeless movement or wax flexibility. Another subtype is undifferentiated type, which is psychotic symptoms are present but the criteria for...

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