Schizophrenia is the most common and complex mental disorder that has an impact on many people worldwide. Not only is the disorder complex but devastating. Schizophrenia starts in the early lives of an individual and can lead to lifelong disability (Moritz, 2010). In this paper schizophrenia will be introduced as well as why this topic and discipline were chosen. There will also be a research study that will not only be critiqued by the research that is given but also how the research was presented as well. While primarily focusing on the research study a literature review, the methods used, the results and a discussion will be presented.
About one percent of the world’s population is affected with this mental illness. Anyone can be prone to this disease and symptoms usually start between ages sixteen and thirty. After the age of forty-five, often time’s people do not get schizophrenia and although schizophrenia rarely occurs in children, awareness of childhood-onset schizophrenia is increasing (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Men tend to experience symptoms and more severely than women and those who suffer with schizophrenia have a higher risk of suicide and of substance abuse. Approximately ten percent of all people with schizophrenia commit suicide. Addiction to nicotine is the most common form of substance abuse in people with schizophrenia (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009).
When comparing their nicotine addiction to the general population the percentage rates is 75 to 90 percent versus 25 to 30 percent, this means that those who suffer with Schizophrenia is three times the rate of the general population (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia is an illness that is chronic that often interferes with a person’s work, family and school life (Credo Reference, 2012). This type of disorder makes it difficult for people to think rationally, distinguish the difference between realistic and unrealistic experiences, have regular emotional responses and behave in social situations in a normal way (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Schizophrenia symptoms usually develop slowly over months or years. Many too few symptoms may occur in an individual. In the beginning one may feel irritable or tense, have difficulty sleep and concentrating effectively (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010).
As the illness continues, problems with thinking, emotions and behavior develops, including: lack of emotion (flat effect), delusions, hallucinations, problems paying attention and “loose associations” (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). There are different types of Schizophrenia (paranoid, disorganized, catatonic and undifferentiated) and symptoms may vary depending on the type of schizophrenia a person has (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2010). In the People with this disorder may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for...