Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder that affects about 2.2 million people (Lumpur, 2005). As a child, this author did not understand the term “schizophrenic”. All that was known was that a person with the disease did not appear to be sick but on the inside they are mentally disturbed. The author’s previously thoughts of schizophrenia was unclear, this report will describe schizophrenia and its causative factors as well as descriptions on how schizophrenia is diagnosed and treated.
Schizophrenia is a mixture of signs and symptoms that can either be both positive and negative (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Sign and symptoms of the disorder can be an indication of social or occupation dysfunction (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). A person that has been previously diagnosed with a pervasive development disorder may be diagnosed as a schizophrenic only if the signs of delusions or hallucination are present (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Symptoms of schizophrenia are noted as lacking a range of “cognitive and emotional dysfunction, inferential thinking, language and communication, behavioral monitoring, fluency and productivity of thought and speech, hedonic capacity, volition and drive, and attention” (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).
Whereas, commonly used terminology classifies schizophrenia as a mixture of symptoms that include “hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, withdrawal, flattened emotional responses, and impairment of memory” (Ledgerwood, Ewald, & Cochran, 2003). The onset of schizophrenia among males is in the late teen years while the females are in their mid- twenties (Ledgerwood et al., 2003). Schizophrenia was formally known as “brain damage” but is now commonly referred to as a psychological disorder (Palmer, Dawes, & Heaton, 2009). It affects the persons frontal-subcortical and temporal lobe areas of the brain (Palmer et al , 2009).
Source monitoring is the accurately recalling events that were either retrieve information or create false memories (Ashcraft, 2009). If a person is unable to recall source monitoring then the person is likely not to be able to retrieve information or create false memories (Ashcraft, 2009). People who have schizophrenia experience hallucinations with have difficulty source monitoring. They hear voices in their minds talking and telling them things all the time. Sometimes, people with schizophrenia get confused of whether someone is actually calling or even talking to them at all.
When trying to determine the factors that may have caused schizophrenia, one must view the early roles of the biological and environmental factors of the mental behavior (Butcher, 2010). Criminal behaviors have been studied in genetic factors, where children were adopted-away from their criminal parent’s and compared with normal adopted children (Butcher, 2010). The children with criminal parents demonstrated moderate hereditary antisocial or criminal behavior...