This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Schizophrenia, Psychosis, And Life Span Development

942 words - 4 pages

Today there are many mental disorders in adults and children. All of these disorders are associated with cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and psychodynamic approaches. This paper will address schizophrenia, psychosis, and lifespan development.Information on the biology of schizophrenia has increased dramatically in recent decades. Researchers have discovered brain function, brain structure, neuropsychological, and neurophysiological abnormalities associated with schizophrenia. The dopamine hypothesis-that excessive dopamine transmission causes psychosis-was the leading biological explanation of schizophrenic symptoms for many years. More recently, it has become clear that schizophrenia has a complex neurodevelopmental basis that includes abnormalities in several neurotransmitter and structural systems. At the predisposing level, several biological theories have been offered to explain the underlying causes of schizophrenia. Genetic evidence suggests that a predisposition to schizophrenia is inherited, but that genetic factors must interact with environmental factors for the disorder to develop. Possible biological environmental factors include viruses, toxins, drug use, and prenatal or postnatal injuries. While Freud believed that biological factors played an important role in schizophrenia and was pessimistic about the value of psychotherapy, some of his followers developed psychodynamic explanations and treatments for the disorder. Most current psychodynamic theorists emphasize the role of biological and psychological factors in schizophrenia and see psychotherapy as a helpful adjunctive treatment. Cognitive theorists have focused on the role of attention and reasoning deficits in schizophrenia. Cognitive interventions address these deficits and are increasingly used in the treatment of schizophrenia often in combined cognitive-behavioral interventions. Behavioral theorists focus on the role of operant conditioning, along with other factors, in the development and maintenance of schizophrenic behaviors. Treatments based on behavioral principles, including token economies and social skills training, are widely used as adjunctive treatments for schizophrenia. Family theorists have explored the hypothesis that pathological family environments can contribute to schizophrenia. They focus on the role of pathological communication patterns, such as "double-bind" communications and "expressed emotion," which they address in family therapy. Sociocultural theorists focus on the role of larger social and institutional forces, such as urban poverty and labeling, in contributing to and maintaining schizophrenia. Sociocultural theorists have called attention to the failures of the deinstitutionalization movement, and they have developed milieu therapies and integrated community treatments to deal with sociocultural problems in schizophrenia. The principle of multiple causality is crucial to explanations of schizophrenia. The state-of-the-art in...

Find Another Essay On Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and Life Span Development

Life Span Development Essay

974 words - 4 pages The impact of genes and environment on human development has been a controversial debate for a long time. On one hand, some people claim that nature is the sole determiner of human development; on the other hand, others assert that nurture is the only determiner of human development. In this paper, possible roles of both biology and environment on cognitive abilities will be discussed through providing a balanced interpretation based on the text

Life-span development chap. notes Essay

530 words - 2 pages I.Life-Span PerspectiveA.Historical - view of children and child development has changed throughout history1. Aries used samples of art to conclude life development consisted of only two phases:* Infancy and adulthood* Results biased toward only studying European Aristocrats2. Egyptians, Grecians and Romans held rich conceptions of children's development3. Three Philosophical Views* Original Sin (Middle Ages) - children are inherently evil and

Life-span development chap 5 notes

699 words - 3 pages I. Reflexes - Born with reflexes and skills necessary to sustain life (sucking, swallowing, Moro/startle reflex, grasping, rooting, Babinsky, stepping, looking, and perceptual abilities like seeing, hearing and smelling)II. Growth Patterns* Cephalocaudel pattern - top to bottom* Proximodistal pattern - center out* Gross motor skills - large muscle activities (walking)* Fine motor skills - finely tuned movements (finger dexterity)* Average North

Chapter 7, 8, and 9 Discussion "Essentials of Human Life-Span Development"

9673 words - 39 pages which can lead to regretful behaviors. Next, children must develop a working memory in order to be able to handle the large amount of information they will encounter in school. Third, children must develop flexibility in their thinking so they don't limit the amounts of strategies and perspectives which can ultimately lead them to correct responses and behaviors.Resources:Santrock, John (2013-01-01). Essentials of Life-Span Development, 3rd

Schizophrenia Life and Reality

4125 words - 17 pages mother and the fetus, and birth complications that deprive the newborn of oxygen are all thought to trigger schizophrenia in predisposed infants. Studies suggest that schizophrenia has a higher occurrence during periods of influenza epidemics. Mothers with influenza during the 5th to the 7th (the most crucial time period for development of the nervous system) showed the highest occurrence of schizophrenia. These studies were confirmed by a number of

Children's Defense Fund and Life-Span Psychology

1018 words - 5 pages adulthood. The importance is the understanding that development occurs throughout a person's life. The life-span perspective views development as being a life long, multi directional, moldable, multidisciplinary, and contextual. As a process it involves growth, the understanding of loss, and maintenance. The focus on how we develop as human beings is crucial to understanding the importance of certain influences on that development. (Santrock, 2011

Understanding the Life-Span Development of Humans in Psychology

2767 words - 12 pages Psychology is a working term most define as an academic and applied discipline involving scientific study of the mental functions and behaviors of humans. These disciplines, along with many others, participate in the study of the life-span development of humans through the conduct of research and theories. This essay will discuss and explain the Nature vs. Nurture debate, the characteristics of the life-span development, the differences and

Life-Span Human Development: The Not So Terrible Toddlers

1673 words - 7 pages parents and realized how that could affect attachment as they grow up. Each part of development is important and it was very interesting and exciting to be able to see this first hand. Works Cited Sigelman, C. k., & Rider, E. A. (2012). Life-Span Human Development (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Food Consumption and Human Life Span

1444 words - 6 pages There is a clear link between the food consumption and human life span, with food manufacturers in the middle of that relationship. Food manufacturing is of great significance in a society because they produce majority of the food that individuals eat. Excess amount of consummation require food manufacturers to produce great amount of product in a short period of time which also makes food manufacturing quite lucrative. Considering the lack of

Investigating the Development of Children's Attention Span and Memory

1866 words - 7 pages Investigating the Development of Children's Attention Span and Memory The activity I would choose to help develop the children’s attention span and memory would be a selection of inset and interlocking puzzles. The puzzles which are used would depend on the children’s developmental level, a chid with memory and concentration difficulties I would choose to begin with a four piece interlocking puzzles with the inset

Schizophrenia and Disorder of Lifespan Development

1958 words - 8 pages on patient, family, and society (Eack & et. al, 2008). After initiation of antipsychotic medications, people enduring schizophrenia have limited success (Eack & et. al, 2008). Cognitive, Components of Disorders of Lifespan Development Cognitive disorder of lifespan is set to provide an important time line that humans follow during development of life (Dombeck, 2010). Cognitive understanding of relationships, with important knowledge of birth

Similar Essays

Schizophrenia And Psychosis Essay

1262 words - 5 pages several theories that explain what factor or factors lead to schizophrenia. One belief is that genetics cause the disorder. However, it is believed that the genetic make-up may not be sufficient for the development of the illness and that environmental factors may play a role as well (certain stresses may result in schizophrenia). The fact that monozygotic twins, identical twins, raised in different families and different environments, both having

Life Span Development Essay

1238 words - 5 pages stages of psychosocial development that each individual goes through during his or her entire life span. In Erikson's theory, the stages of development process unfold as one goes through life. Each of these stages has tasks that should be mastered in order to construct toward a satisfying and healthy developed life. Those who do not master the task will have a hard time dealing with crises later on in life. These stages are: infancy, early

Life Span Development Essay

1427 words - 6 pages grows and matures. Such influences are also referred to as "nurture". Genetics play an important role in the physical development of an adolescent. For instance, if the parents of a child are extremely hairy, then there is a high probability that the child will also become hairy earlier in life. Also, if both the parents are tall, then there is a high probability that the child will also become taller in their puberty years. Moreover, environment

Life Span Development Essay 1427 Words

1427 words - 6 pages grows and matures. Such influences are also referred to as "nurture". Genetics play an important role in the physical development of an adolescent. For instance, if the parents of a child are extremely hairy, then there is a high probability that the child will also become hairy earlier in life. Also, if both the parents are tall, then there is a high probability that the child will also become taller in their puberty years. Moreover, environment