Schizophrenia: What It Is, And Studies Of Those Who Have The Disease

1737 words - 7 pages

Schizophrenia is a disabling disease of the brain that in many ways could appear as the most severe and mind controlling of all mental illnesses. "Approximately 1 percent of the population develops schizophrenia during their lifetime - more than 2 million Americans suffer from the illness in a given year" (Schizophrenia). Schizophrenia has terrifying symptoms that can give the patients "crazy" attributes. Location of the illness is not specific to one area, the disease is found all over the world because it is not activated by any environmental disturbances. It is triggered in relationship to the vulnerability caused by genes. As the brain is developing, something occurs because of the vulnerability and the disease is born. This is only a vague perception of what really causes the disease because other information is not yet available and that is why there are no ways to absolutely cure it. There is an interesting history behind the evolution of schizophrenia, and there are also multiple theories of why it occurs in certain people's minds and not others."Schizophrenia can be traced in written documents as far back as the second millennium before Christ" (Schizophrenia Throughout the History). Only one hundred years ago, most of the mentally ill were treated in asylums because of the lack of knowledge about the diseases. During the Middle Ages, in western countries, there were many different views on schizophrenia and ways to treat it. Numerous people believed demons were behind the disease and used exorcism to try and cure their patients. Other more religious people thought that those with schizophrenia were being punished by god for wrongdoings and therefore were shunned. Almost all mental disabilities were giving this type of view throughout history and because it was irregular, not many professionals were willing to look into it more and discover what was really behind the troublesome characters that had the disease. People fear what they do not understand and that was truly the case in the past of those who knew schizophrenics and were unwilling to try to help them because of their differences.The main theories of schizophrenia are about how the disease is found in some people but not others. One such theory is by Dr. Clancy D. McKenzie. "Dr. McKenzie draws on sources ranging from psycho-dynamics to traumatology to argue that schizophrenia and severe mood disorders have their roots in separation experiences during infancy. A painful separation later in life, the theory goes, precipitates a "step back in time" that triggers illness, much as a loud noise can trigger flashbacks in post-traumatic stress disorder" (Mckenzie) To summarize, Dr. Mckenzie believes that schizophrenia can be identified earlier on in life, and good events to look at in a schizophrenic's life are those that can be somewhat traumatic. She believes that at a young age things such as a new sibling can affect a child to great lengths and perhaps increase their chance of...

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