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School Funding In The Modern Era

1775 words - 7 pages

School funding is a recurring issue in the modern era. Debates ranging from give schools more money, to get rid of the system in place and reform a new idea have been plaguing the world over the years. “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, signed in 2009, provided more than $100 billion in education aid to offset budget cuts..” (School Finance). Later, “Congress provided an additional $10 billion in 2010 to avert mass teacher layoffs (Education Week, "Total Recovery Act")” (School Funding). These numbers are just a sample of the struggles in school funding, that is costing a ton of money to keep afloat. “There are many ways schools fund varying from state to state and even school to school. Income taxes, corporate taxes, sales taxes, and other fees provide 48 percent of the elementary and secondary school funds. 44 percent of local districts draw money from local property taxes. The federal government makes up approximately 8 percent of state education budgets. These funds are a dealt out on a per-student basis, and categorically to ensure enough resources for each special program or facility” (School Funding). These funds play a huge role in every student's education, either positive or negative. The three main areas that need to be addressed in the school budget are extracurricular funding, building and equipment maintenance, and last but not least staff funding.
“One way to better understand school finance is to think of it in terms of the adequacy and equity of resources. Adequacy is based on the principle that states should provide enough funding for all students to be able to meet academic expectations” (School Funding). The average spending per student in 2008 was 10,0297 and then ranging from as high as 11,572 in New York to as low as 3,886 in Utah (NCES, 2010)” (School Funding) The main reason with the different per student amounts, is that it is difficult to gage how much money is needed to give every student an adequate education. Mr. Madsen, the Vice Principal at Astoria High School in Astoria, Oregon, mentioned in an interview that “in the beginning of each year they take class counts for the first few weeks of school to determine how much money they should get based on students actually attending” (Madsen). This allows an accurate student count which means they know exactly how much money they can work with. School size is also an important aspect because ”if the state increases of 60 million dollars the school gets roughly 600,000 based on the size of school compared on the rest of the state” (Madsen). School funding is broken down in many ways to make it work for everyone, but issues of either lack or overspending in a given area are for now unavoidable.
Extracurricular funding is an issue in many schools. Extracurricular activities are those that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. The ever growing problem with it is the lack of funding which put extracurricular activities on...

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