Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are some of the founding fathers in the Sociological discipline. Each developing the discipline in their respective area, contributed to the social science course becoming what it is today. Durkheim the man who coined the term social facts and some sociological theories on functionalism, division of labour in society, education and social solidarity, methodology, positivism and sociology, primitive classification, religion and suicide. Durkhiem believe that social facts should be considered as things in the same way as the objects and events of the natural world.
Karl Marx is the person responsible forthe conflict perspective, also had some sociological theories on alienated labour, culture, labour theory and commodities, the lower strata, the middle class, power and the state, religion, ruling ideas, social stratification, unemployment, women, the working class. In his theories you will notice factors that will explain what he was trying to accomplish, which later manifested itself in the Communism of Russia.
MR. EMILE DURKHEIM
Mr. Emile David Durkheim, the founder of the modern field of sociology, was born in Epinal, France on April 15, 1858. The Annee Sociologique was the first journal committed to social science and was created by Mr. Durkheim.
He came for a long history of pious French Jews, his father and grandfather was Rabbis. Durkheim himself was also studying to become a Rabbi, but at the age of thirteen after his Jewish confirmation he was influenced by a female Catholic teacher to study Catholicism. After some time he was no longer involved in any religion and became a nonbeliever.
A brilliant student he was at the College d’Epinal, he was awarded various honours and prizes. Having such academic potential, he was transferred to one of France’s great high schools, the Lycee Louis-le-Grand in Paris. After he wanted to attend the prestigious Ecole Normale Superierure, the intellectual training ground for best of France. To attend he had to undergo an admission examination which Durkheim failed twice, but, in 1879 on his third try he was finally admitted.
His classmates were some of the most brilliant of the nineteenth century, such as Jean Jaures and Henri Bergson who became important figures in France’s intellectual life. Fustel de Coulanges a perfectionist with a social scientific view, studied with Durkheim in Ecole Normale Superierure. Durkheim’s interested in a scientific approach to society manifested when he read Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer.
While attending Ecole Normale Superierure he seems to loose interest and became unhappy there. He rebelled against the course study, which did not teach what he wanted to learn which are modern philosophical doctrines or the recent findings of the science. Later he traveled to Germany where he studied Sociology of a year and to Bordeaux in 1887, where France’s first teacher’s...