Sci Reasoning Essay

1023 words - 5 pages

Science forms our knowledge on the world as it is based on testable hypotheses, where as faith supports itself on a strong conviction of hope for something that no one can see. Science and faith relate to each other, but are do not support each other. Faith, in the religious sense of the word, should be omitted from scientific analysis, but in the complete trusting sense of the word, scientists should have convictions on their work. I argue that science has its own faith based belief system that it bases itself upon, and that they are different and independent from each other. Science and faith in the religious sense are founded on general faith, with the belief of existence of something ...view middle of the document...

If a scientist does not believe in his work, then there can be disbelief. However, religion still believe in something greater even though there is no evidence to back up the claim. Faith founded religion and science, as they both consider the something outside the universe that cannot be explained. They do not agree on what it is that exists, but something does exist. Since science advances the belief that nature is in a rational order, it does agree with there being a higher power.
The demarcation problem tries to distinguish between hypotheses that are scientific and pseudoscientific, and has concerns on the relation of science and religion. Aristotle’s criteria of scientific knowledge that is certain and infallible allows for a difference from mere opinion. His concern for causal explanation differs sciences from the crafts. As Trefil and Hazen state on page four of their textbook, science asks and answers questions on the physical universe. Karl Popper’s falsificationism characterizes science as exposing falsehoods and revealing its own mistakes. Therefore, if a hypothesis is not falsifiable, it is considered pseudoscience, as it lacks valid evidence.
Methodological naturalism, with the view that science can appeal only to natural processes in its explanations, holds the belief for science and faith as conflicting. If a hypothesis points to the supernatural, it is considered unscientific according to methodological naturalism. The objection of this comes from inductivism where science is purely objective and immune to subjective biases that infect other modes of inquiry. The problems being that empirical data does not collect itself and that there is no strictly logical method to generate theories. Hypothetico-deductivism supports this also in that the formulation of theories may be subjective, but the testing of the scientific theory is also fully objective. Falsification
Theories are constructs of one’s mind and they are accepted with the evidence gathered for or against them. Religious faith is different, in that one accepts teachings...

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