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Science And Human Nature Essay

2077 words - 8 pages

Science, a field that involves various subjects including math, biology, chemistry etc, is one of those most influential aspects of human history. Merriam-webster dictionary defines it as: “such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena: Nature Science” (“Science”, Merriam-webster Dictionary). What it studies is alway related to our nature, ourselves. It is a field that requires sophisticated knowledge and skill, as well as long-term devotement. Hence, whenever there is major breakthrough, it possibly can change the entire course of mankind. Take steam engine as an example, it took James Watt decades to study the prototype of the original steam engine and then successfully modified it for commercial use. Such tremendous breakthrough in mechanical science became the key to the first Industrial Revolution, and a page-turn to a new chapter of human history. However, such scientific innovations always have to take another aspect of mankind into consideration—the moral question: whether one invention is against human nature and the principle of our physical world or not. It is a crucial concern because as long as an invention is abnormal to what we believe in, or works in an opposite way contradicting our nature, it might have a disastrous consequence. In Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein and Robert Louis Stevenson’s Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, both authors have expressed their opinions on such concern. In their novels, they present two different stories about two scientists and their unordinary creations, and the aftermaths of such inventions, both to themselves and to the society. In my point of view, I argue that with the use of first person point of view, detail description on the creatures the two scientists have created and the reinforcement of other side characters and social background, both authors have built up a dark side on their character’s ambiguities, revealing a fact that any scientific study that goes against human nature, will not be helpful but harmful to both the scientist himself/herself and others.
In these two novels, both authors have used their main characters, the two scientists, as the narrators of their stories. With first person point of view, the inner world and thoughts of the characters can be delivered in a more direct way. And by hearing the stories from the characters directly, readers will have a stronger impression on them, making it easy for the authors to deliver their themes. At first, both scientists have revealed their initial intentions of their inventions, in their “own” words. From Dr. Frankenstein’s “Many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me...” (Shelley, pp.48) to Dr.Jekyll’s “It was the curse of mankind that these incongruous faggots were thus bound together...” (Stevenson, pp.77), the reasons are told directly. It is more convincing for the readers, as if these two scientist are sitting right in front of us and telling what...

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