Science And Technology’s Complex Roles In Traditional Societies

520 words - 3 pages

Science and Technology both play a complex role to disrupt traditional societies. The theories of Social Constructivism and Technological Determinism explore how science and technology affect traditional society. Societies in the distant past were heavily reliant on tradition. In time, science and technology have weakened this dependence on tradition in societies. Meanwhile, the public’s evolving perception of science has complicated the role of science in today’s less traditional societies.
Science and technology have both negatively affected traditional societies. Yet, the examination of these two very different concepts will explain why they affect tradition. Science is a system of beliefs. Thus, science aims to develop a body of knowledge that describes reality. A belief can count as knowledge when it is both justified and true. Observation and logic dictate justification. Direct observational evidence or inferential evidence justifies beliefs. Furthermore, beliefs must be either true or false. Beliefs represent knowledge if the former is true. Scientists always seek the truth. Technology mainly focuses on employing justified beliefs concerning organizational systems as well as artifacts to achieve practical solutions for concrete problems. Therefore, technology only requires justification. Societies consider technology successful even if the truth is absent. The theories of social constructivism and technological determinism attempt to describe science and technology’s role in society. Either society constructs the world as we know it (social constructivism) or technology is the force that shapes society (technological determinism). In any case, it is clear that understanding science and technology aids in the examination how they disrupt traditional societies.
Tradition dominated societies and no clear-cut...

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