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Science And The Social Construction Of The Sexed Body

735 words - 3 pages

In Making Sex by Thomas Laqueur, the author analysis sexual differences throughout the 18th century reviewing physicians, scientist, biologist and how society understood the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Laqueur brig us two sex models; the one-sex model and the two-sex model. He explains who we transition from the one-sex model to the two-sex model. How this two models had impacted our society and created an impact in history had it to do with the fact that a lot of evidence was drawn from science. Laqueur also explains how society constructed sex. He takes this investigation in very detail as he explains and investigates sexual differences.

The one sex model is explain the female reproductive system using the males as a basic model. According to Laqueur, the anatomy of the female body was often explain as what it lacks in comparison to the male body. The female body, in fact its reproductive systems and genitalia were seeing as imperfect. Female’s reproductive system was an inverted version of the male’s reproductive system. “In this world the vagina is imagined as the interior of the penis, the labia as foreskin, the uterus as scrotum and the ovaries as testicle” (4). The concept of the one sex model originated in Greek and it theories remain in the mains of people for a long time. Studies were made in the name of science. Dissections of a female elephant’s reproduction system show similarities to the idea that the female’s reproductive organs were invert. As the pictures from this dissections were similar to a man’s reproductive system in an invert way. This development of ideas was brought out to society as new information supported with scientifically facts. This inaccurate assumptions with inaccurate scientific facts, created in society the construction of the sex body and how it spouse to look and functions, as well as a hierarchy of reproductive system where the male’s was on top of the females’ incomplete reproductive system.

The second model explain by Laqueur is the two sex model in where the female’s and male’s reproductive system where seeing as two different entities. Different anatomy, different organs and different...

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