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Science Research Report

1129 words - 5 pages

Cancer is a terminal disease that is effecting the population today. Leukemia is one type of cancer that is currently effecting 310, 046 people with an added estimated 48, 610 expected to be diagnosed. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. It causes white blood cells (also called leukocytes) to develop abnormally. Today’s scientists are currently looking for ways to treat this deadly disease using stem cells. Stem cells are multicellular organisms that are capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells. Stem cells are located in the bone marrow and create blood cells with then create white blood cells, (leukocytes) which fight infections; red blood cells (erythrocytes) which carry oxygen and remove waste products from organisms and tissues. The proper term for the treatment using stem cells is, Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation that allows a donor who has healthy stem cells that match up with the infected patient, to transfer their stem cells to the body of the infected with an added component of chemotherapy. The chemo therapy first kills the cancer in the blood as the stem cells are then injected into the blood of the infected patient, to the bone marrow which then allows the body to reproduce white blood cells, platelets and red blood cells that are necessary for the function such as immunity, clotting and oxygen transport. This paper will discuss how Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation is unbeneficial for today’s society for three reasons. Firstly, this treatment has many economic disadvantages to them, making it so that it would be harder for many people in today’s society with this current disease to be able to receive the treatment. Second, there are many life threatening long-term effects to the treatment, which is as well unbeneficial. Lastly, finding a donor is very difficult, determining that you are not the same ethnic group as another.
The Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation is very costly. The number of patients that are in need of this treatment has increases over the years and because of this, this expensive treatment modality has economic consequences. According to an Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Report, Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation is generating the most rapid increase in total hospital cost from 2004 to 2007 with a growth rate of 84.9% and 1.3 billion. The beginning price for the Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation is around 36, 000 to 88,000 and this is even adding any extra cost that may apply if the patients attracts another disease, a side effect maybe. As so, leukemia is the third most expensive for females and second for males in the world and this is why the Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation is burgeoning evolving field, still growing today.
As described in the first paragraph previous, there is an economic disadvantage to this treatment but as well, there are social disadvantages as well. This social disadvantage is...

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