Science Today and Human Cloning
Nowadays, we are being constantly fed with the prophecy that molecular biology is the next revolutionary "wave" replacing information technology which has changed the way we live in the past 50 years. The past decade has seen scientists making significant breakthroughs in this field to start the current biotechnology hype. One defining achievement was the cloning of a sheep named Dolly by Dr. Ian Wilmut of Roslin Institute in 1996. This historic success debunked previous biology myth that adult cells have lost their totipotent abilities exhibited during early-stage embryonic stage. Now, it is possible for us to use the cells from an adult organism to create another genetically identical organism. This success has also attracted much attention from scientists and laypeople alike as Dolly is the first mammal to be cloned. Suddenly it seems like science fiction story of cloning people has become not-so-distant possibility. Although other animals such as frogs have been cloned successfully years before the birth of Dolly, but among all the successes in cloning, the ewe is the most closely related to humans in the biological hierarchy. Now it seems like human cloning is just a step away from us, technologically speaking.
The possibility of cloning humans has sparked much debate among scientists, ethicists and even politicians, who are worried about the possible impacts of human cloning in future. At the moment, there is wide consensus that we are not ready to clone humans yet due to problems such as religious violation or lack of knowledge to conduct a successful human cloning experiment. However, recent developments implied that we are powerless to stop individuals from continuing their private research in human cloning. Two such persons, Doctors Panayiotis Zavos and Severino Antinori have vowed to attempt cloning humans and they have recently announced that human cloning is under way right now. Another recent claim was made about a Korean lady being impregnated with her own clone. Such news has sparked fury among public and scepticism among scientists who still doubt whether the necessary technologies have been acquired yet. The public's anxiety has also been heightened by recent shows such Arnold Schwarzenegger's 1998's blockbuster movie "The 6th Day" and popular animes such as "Neon Evangelion Genesis" which put human cloning in a bad light.
Clearly, not everyone in the world thinks alike, and sooner or later, some willing scientists will get enough funds to proceed with human cloning (which is claimed to be happening now but with no proof of really existing). One proof that human cloning is here to stay is the existence of organizations such as the religious cult, Raelian Movement which runs Clonaid, a company which pledges to...