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Scientific Innovations In The Elizabethan Era

804 words - 4 pages

The Elizabethan era was not known for its scientific community. Scientists in this time were not real scientists. Astronomers doubled as astrologers, chemists practiced alchemy. This caused much scrutiny for the real scientists and inventors of the time. Even so, there were many great discoveries in this era. The discovery of phosphorus, the flushing toilet, and even magnetism came out of this period. Still in all the churches heartless and self-centered attempts to control the flow of information, these determined scientists and practitioners of absurd philosophies alike, still managed to make critical advances in science.

John Herrington was an English poet and whose ...view middle of the document...

The queen liked the idea at first but toilet lacked a mechanism to keep smells in. every time someone used the toilet they came out smelling like human waste. While the device did give people an alternative place to do their business but the smell deterred most people from using the toilet. So, people continued going in the stairwells of the palace.

Another interesting person was Hennig Brandt. Not everyone used logic and reasoning to make discoveries. Brandt was an alchemist. Alchemists believed in a stone called the 'Philosophers Stone' that could turn base metals into gold and silver. Alchemists were just people with the same get-rich-quick scheme; Brandt was no exception. Brandt believed that he could use concentrated urine and a complex set of filtering stages to create the 'Philosophers Stone'; instead Brandt ended up with white Phosphorous (phosphorous is highly reactive with the smallest amount of water, my guess is Brandt got a few explosions when filtering the urine). Brandt called the substance “cold fire” because it gave of light under dark conditions without giving of heat. Like most Alchemists, Brandt was very secretive about his technique. Brandt made a lot of money selling the white phosphorous until he sold the recipe to his friend, who quickly turned it over the church, which promptly had Brandt arrested.

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