Scientific Method Essay

711 words - 3 pages

During the last century and a half, scientists of all categories; clergyman and philosophers of all disciplines, and various scholars and academics have posed many questions into the almost countless examples of hauntings and associated psychic phenomena. These inquisitive people had conducted various individual surveys; recorded certain events and finally culminated in thesis’ regarding their questions, observations and findings. They may not, however, have concluded with a definite answer to any one question; deduced a quantitative report of acceptable ratios, nor devised any list of systematic empirical data, statistical, mathematical or computational information that could be considered fact in all collegiate institutions. Regardless, such scholarly behaviors always point to the one aspect of critical thinking that must always be applied to every scientific inquiry -- The scientific method.

In the arena of science, whether chemistry, biology or physics, it is necessary to follow various rules and regulations for any inquiry to be accepted as proper research into a scholarly discipline, regardless of that discipline. To exemplify the scientific method directly we will need to survey a scientific discipline and its particular area of research. As all disciplines make their assumptions by posing questions, observing to support that question and experimenting to accept or reject the overall findings, the importance of such a study process becomes clear. To briefly exemplify this process, we will observe the methodology of the ornithologist. The researcher in question is searching for the reason why certain birds of a certain genus are behaving differently from others in that grouping. Moreover, the birds are behaving differently even though they belong to the same genus, so the researcher will question what could be the causation of such behaviors; if there is a biological reason; an affect by way of nature or from a nurturing perspective and other pertinent inquiries. Following that agenda, the researcher will pose a general hypothesis for the behaviors, likely adding a series of sub-hypotheses to best support that, and then follow with conducting a series of experiments of various natures to test the hypothesis and its additions. Finally, the researcher will pick and choose which...

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