Scientific Taxonomy And Earth's Biodiversity Essay

705 words - 3 pages

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Scientific Taxonomy and Earth's Biodiversity PaperSCI230Jeff WeigelApril 17, 2009Two species out of the vast majority of existing mammals are armadillos and elephants. Some characteristics shared between the two are; their young are born alive, warm-blooded, and have lungs to breath. The body characteristics are most evident of differences between the two. Elephant's have size; tusks, and even a trunk (Myers, 2008). An armadillo however, is of moderate size, has hard armor-like skin, short legs, and have claws (Myers, 2008). In addition, an elephant's diet is usually plant flood, considering that it is an herbivore, while an armadillo uses its sharp claws to dig for grubs or insects (National Geographic Society, 2008).The termite and butterfly are part of the insect group which has many species. Some shared characteristic of these two insects are: an exoskeleton, three major body parts (head, thorax, and abdomen), and antennas (Reach Out, 2004). Butterflies usually sip liquid food through a proboscis, such as from rotting fruits or some even prefer animal flesh or fluids. A termite's diet usually feeds upon dead plant material (wood, leaf litter, soil, animal dung, and crops), while a (Col, 2008). Another major difference is butterflies are viewed as being pleasant and attractive to the eye while termites are typically seen as pests to humans, for they cause much damage to buildings, crops, and plantation forests, while. A termite is classified under the order Isoptera, which includes only termites; however they are related to cockroaches and mantids in the super order Dictyoptera (Myers, 2008).Hummingbirds and penguins are both birds, and share: endothermic vertebrates, covered with feathers, and lay eggs (Myers, 2008). On the other hand, chief differences exist as well. Penguins are aquatic, flightless birds that live in cold temperatures (Busch Entertainment Corporation, 2002). Hummingbirds however, stay close in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings. They can even fly backwards, and feed from nectar or tiny anthropoids from flower blossoms (Gates, L. & Gates, T., 2008). Penguins belong to the order Sphenisciformes, which includes 18 species such as chinstrap penguins, king penguins, and emperor penguins. The order Sphenisciformes classifies birds as flightless birds within cold temperatures - thus, penguins. Hummingbirds belong to the order Apodiformes, which includes two other families - the swifts, Apodiadae, and the tree swifts,...

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