This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Scientific Thinking, Economic Reasoning And Their Applications In The Caribbean

1889 words - 8 pages

The Caribbean has had celebrated economists who, in their works, always sought to define the Caribbean experience and produce solutions to the region’s problems. Their achievements arose out of a need for a Third World economic story that was separate from that developed in more advanced nations. Economics, however, has been regarded as a “dismal science” (Carlyle 1849) and some have questioned if it is a science at all. For this essay, we assume that economics is a science and ask “Is and was scientific reasoning a part of economic reasoning in the Caribbean?” The analysis for this paper therefore considers both the publications based on the Caribbean from the 1960s and 1970s and the recent analytical trend in the Caribbean.

Scientific thinking has been classified by Dunbar and Klahr (2011) into two areas. The first form is the content of science; the topics that are examined. The other form is the methods by which content is added to the scientific space, i.e. reasoning. Reasoning is a process that may be social (in which researchers collaborate) (Moshman and Geil 1998), public (concepts are used to establish theories by using data) (Hendry 1980) and from which conclusions are derived. Utilized in science for the main purpose of knowledge development about the external world, reasoning
“is often characterized as the means by which one attempts to arrive at true or at least ‘rationally justified’ beliefs.” (Giere 1984, 24)
In establishing such beliefs, however, the truthfulness of a statement may not be achieved. Scientific inquiry is shaped by moral, culture and social values and therefore the truthfulness of statements and beliefs of statements may not be associated.

There are a variety of methods of justifying beliefs. Dunbar and Klahr (2012) list induction, deduction experimental design, hypothesis testing, hypothesis testing, concept formation or conceptual change, causal reasoning, problem solving, analogical reasoning and collaborative reasoning as forms of reasoning. Dunbar in another article (undated) included expertise as part of the scientific thinking. Ayalon and Even (2008) notes association and plausible inference as other processes. Further reading, though, indicates that the processes mentioned may not be clear cut in their use, that is, one process may be a part of another process. Most of the methods mentioned by Dunbar and Klahr (2012) will be discussed but with considerations of other authors.

Dunbar (undated) highlighted three aspects scientific thinking, one of which is hypothesis testing. In hypothesis testing logic is applied to a set of statements. These statements or propositions are a combination of premises and conclusions. The premises and their conclusions are evaluated for their truthfulness or justifiability of explanation. How these propositions are examined is referred to as reasoning strategies. There are three strategies in hypothesis testing: induction, deduction and...

Find Another Essay On Scientific Thinking, Economic Reasoning and Their Applications in the Caribbean

Economic development in the Caribbean: from the perspective of the comparison of Martinique and the Bahamas Assignment COURSE TITLE: "REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT"

8211 words - 33 pages make astrong assessment. Having compared their economic performances to those of the EU and to theirformer colonisers as well as to the Caribbean region, it can be said that both of the countries aredoing outstandingly well within their region(s). However, to be able to economically workthemselves up to EU levels they have to succeed in performing strong economic development, suchas constant GDP growth, constant and positive trade balance, less

Poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean

1696 words - 7 pages economic, social, and cultural history of Latin American and Caribbean societies” (Sanabria 92). This attitude has been imbedded into the culture. The economic strength of these countries is the result of their rich natural resources and an abundance of cheap labor. The blue print for globalization was set up from the beginning. But has evolved with age and technology, in turn it has allowed a greater audience to reach. With that in thought, population

Plantation and Race in the Caribbean

1740 words - 7 pages Plantation and Race in the Caribbean The incredible history of the Caribbean is indeed, one of the most rich, and at the same time troubling, of the New World. Its incredibly heterogeneous population and its social racial base make it a very difficult place to, for instance, live and raise a family. While some children may have a future because of their light complexion, the others are doomed to a life of poverty in the unforgiving culture

Music in the Caribbean

1801 words - 8 pages . Music in the Caribbean was first developed by the Neo Indians around 1600 the Neo Indians died taken their culture and music. Music then reemerged when the African slaves came to the Caribbean. The type of music the Africans brought was both lively and entertaining. The slaves found a rhythm in everything they did from cutting cane to taking care of the homes of the planter class. They sang to keep their spirits up, because they were taken way

Colonialism in the Caribbean

1548 words - 6 pages Colonialism in the Caribbean Although Michelle Cliff, Antonio Benitez- Rojo, and Sidney Mintz all discuss the Caribbean in their writings they all have very distinct perspectives. In his writing, The Caribbean as a Socio-cultural Area, Sidney Mintz discusses the Caribbean from a historical standpoint in which he characterizes it as a socially united, rather than a culturally united one. Antonio Benitez- Rojo tries to explain the distinct

Title VII And Applications In The Workplace

2485 words - 10 pages overruled several Supreme Court decisions rendered in the 1980s that had made it more difficult for plaintiffs to prevail in their employment discrimination suits and to recover fees and costs when they won their lawsuits (EEOC 2009). The amendment stated that parties can request jury trials and those successful plaintiffs can recover compensatory and punitive damages in employment discrimination cases. This amendment has further strengthened the law

Lost In Translation - Literature and Language of the Caribbean

638 words - 3 pages The Caribbean features literature from English, French, Dutch, Spanish, and also fusions of fragments of those languages forming a dialect or sometimes a new creole language emerges. The experiences of the islands are similar, but not identical. Therefore the women and men had difference experiences and so authors will have different themes in their literature. Some may be more focused on the social aspects of the country, some political, and

Institutionalized Education in the Caribbean

1564 words - 7 pages what takes place in schools or any other formal educational institution (Cornel & Hamm, 1989). Schools should take on the task of developing individuals who are able to meet our economic, technological and social needs. Research has shown that knowledge and skills developed in school are the foundation for one’s future success in the workplace and is an indicator for economic growth, (Matthews, 2013). Thus, education in contemporary Caribbean

Regional Integration In The Caribbean

1353 words - 5 pages Particular to CARICOM nations, foreign policies agrees upon through regional integration has enhanced the economic profile of the Caribbean countries and forced the international community to take their interest and concerns more seriously. Some of the disadvantages to regional integration include, * Difficulty reaching a consensus on how to address policies which increase as more members join the trade block * “Can be seen as an

Free Living Flatworm Regeneration and the Practical Applications of Studying Their Regenerative Capabilities

1852 words - 7 pages researchers is that "other than as a side effect of asexual reproduction, the ability to regenerate is seemingly not useful enough to outweigh the inherent dangers" (Egger et al., 2007). A better understanding of the regeneration process in free living flatworms will provide for future advancements in regenerative medicine. This review aims to explain the factors that control and effect free living flatworm regeneration, and the practical applications of

Costa Rica: Their Place in the Economic World

1248 words - 5 pages , but this proved disastrous due to a number of factors such as, resistance by natives, disease infested swamps by mosquitos, pirate raids, and brutal heat. In 1563, Cartago, the first permanent settlement, was established. After Costa Rica declared their independence from Spain in 1821, they became one of several provinces of Central American. However two years later, Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence after the federation

Similar Essays

The Revolution In Scientific Thinking Essay

1005 words - 5 pages , also proving and frightening researchers and religious believers that many of their theories were incorrect. With all the research that went into finalizing the world as a heliocentric model, scientists came up with a new method to science called, “The Scientific Method.” The scientific method is a procedure followed in order to give a theory an approval. This method usually consists of about five to six steps to follow in order to reach the

Microsponges And Their Applications Essay

1406 words - 6 pages . Microsponge approach has also been applied in oral therapy, bone, tissue & cartilage engineering and showed remarkable results. This article provides description about the nature of microsponges, their characteristics, preparation, applications and commercial market status globally. Keywords: Microsponges, topical delivery, controlled release, quasi-emulsification, programmable release INTRODUCTION With the advent of 21st century, numerous

Slavery In West Africa And The Caribbean

652 words - 3 pages people and owners did not have to pay for people to work. Caribbean owners grew sugar cane and tobacco but used free slaves to work the fields. In contrast, West Africa used slaves as captives of war and to work in the village. Later on, slavery was a an economic plus because slaves were being sold by the leaders of their own village. While slavery in both West Africa and the Caribbean was a corrupt and unethical system, it did help fuel the

The Literature Of Historical Thinking/Reasoning/Literacy. Essay

1942 words - 8 pages discussing the individual articles the native term shall be utilised. (i.e. Historical Reasoning when referring to the research of Van Boxtel & Van Drie, Historical Thinking in relation to Peter Seixas' work). In order to understand the skills that are set within the study of History a breakdown of the common terminology is required. This leads to a greater understanding of what is taking place within the classroom and to what teaching history actually