In today's society it is evident that the worlds of science and religion are in a constant battle to explain many of life’s mysteries. Whereas science fields have their theorems and hypotheses, religions have doctrines and dogmas that frequently conflict with a scientist’s view. The age old question of whether science and religion will ever merge positively has been answered by the new religion Scientology.
Scientology is described as an applied religious philosophy that began in the 1950's. It is an all denominational religion which helps an individual to reach his or her fullest potential, and because of its emphasis on self improvement, Scientology has drawn people from 113 countries including a number of celebrities. Scientology considers the individual a spiritual being (a thetan, from the Greek letter theta meaning "thought or spirit") and the goal of the religion is to create a world in which everyone is living fulfilling lives peacefully.
The word Scientology comes from the Latin "scio" meaning "knowing in the fullest sense of the word" and "logos" meaning "the study of". Scientology is symbolized by a capital letter S that is entwined with two triangles, one that represents affinity, reality, and communication, and one that represents knowledge, responsibility, and control.
Scientology finds its roots thousands of years ago when man first realized his spirituality. Since then, Scientology has been influenced by religions such as Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, and Christianity, as well as the teachings of Socrates, Mohammed, Leonardo da Vinci, and Galileo. Although Scientology does not have a dogma concerning God, Scientologists do believe that a divine spirit exists but it is interpreted individually. Scientologists believe that the soul acts on the body through the effects of the mind, and applies a very technical and methodical procedure in helping the person achieve his or her spiritual goals.
Scientology was founded by the philosopher and writer Lafayette Ronald Hubbard. L. Ron Hubbard was born on March 13, 1911 in Tilden, Nebraska. Growing up in the West, Ron was a child that had a love for nature and a curiosity about other cultures. In 1927 Ron embarked on his first voyage to Asia and befriended a number of people in various religions, and as a result, began to search for the cause of unhappiness.
L. Ron Hubbard returned to America in 1929 as an enlightened young man who was intrigued by how the mind works. After countless experiments Ron determined that all minds work in similar fashions, which led him to the question of existence. Ron left college to study primitive tribes in hopes of solving this riddle, and in this time began to write books and screenplays and became known for his science fiction writing. After additional experiments, L. Ron Hubbard made a discovery that was to become the basis of his new philosophy: the single basic common denominator of existence is that man is surviving.