Hum 2220- Online
The classical and Hellenistic period of antient Greece played a huge role in how sculptures were developed within the periods. To get a better picture of what I’m talking about, I am going to take two sculptures from both the periods and share the similarities and differences between the two. The first sculpture I am going to use is the Wounded Amazon which originated from the Classical period. The second sculpture I am going to use is the Alter of Zeus at Pergamum which originated during the Hellenistic period. The main points that will be covered are unique features and techniques used, the focus of the artist during the specific period, how the sculptures I choose relate to the ideals of the period, and finally how political changes influenced the sculptures.
During the span of the Classical and Hellenistic period many unique features and techniques were acquired in the development of Greek sculptures over time. The Classical era originated first, and was a period where Greeks achieved their most impressive level of art well beyond any other time. Improvements were made in both the function and style of these sculptures since Greek artist became very knowledgeable on the human body by studying the movement and anatomy of it. Once the anatomy was down, proportion, beauty and perfection were main techniques used by the Greek artist. They were able to portray the human body in such a naturalistic form by adding body\ muscle structure, body movement, and increasing the size of the sculptures to life size. When the Hellenistic period arrives, sculptures have fully embraced the definition of realistic and naturalism, most of the attention was particularly paid to how their bodies were position and could be admired form all angles. The Greek artists of the Hellenistic period had now incorporated more advance poses with emotional conditions, actions, physical states and even interaction with the environment.
When comparing and contrasting the Classical Sculpture the Wounded Amazon to the Hellenistic Sculpture Alter of Zeus at Pergamum many characteristics and features that I shared above take part in the creation of these Greek sculptures. The main similarity between the two sculptures are known for displaying human anatomy and well for differences, there are many, but I will summarize the main aspects. I’ll start first with the material that was used to build the sculpture. The original sculpture of The Wounded amazon was created from a technique called bronzing or the lost wax technique. Most of the bronze statues have been destroyed or melted down and marble copies were made to provide a helpful visual. The carved marble sculpture of The Wounded Amazon had a nice polish texture to it and appeared to be life sized. (Childs 11) Moving on to the sculpture Alter of Zeus at Pergamum since this was much larger than a statue and was built as a huge alter of protection for Zeus it was made of marble. The...