This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Second Dialect Acquisition Essay

1052 words - 4 pages

In the field of sociolinguistics, much research has gone into exploring first language acquisition and how children manage to acquire all the complexities of a language relatively quickly. This research mainly focuses on the order of the acquisition of different structural properties of a language and the process by which they acquire these properties. The study of the acquisition of various dialects by children is a less frequently explored area. Generally, the dialect that children acquire reflects the family and environment they grow up in. However, if they encounter different dialects or are placed in a new environment with a dissimilar dialect, the result is less predictable.
For this reason, in the article How’d you get that accent?: Acquiring a second dialect of the same language, Tagliamonte and Molfenter examine the dialects of children who have been transplanted to a new country with a different dialect of English. They look at how different factors, such as age, family and school, affect the accent and whether the children eventually successfully acquire the local dialect. Specifically, they examine the speech of three children,over the period of six years, who move from Canada to Britain. All the children are under the age of five at the time of relocation, and the study focuses on t-voicing in British English and the variation of the glottal stop with the voiceless alveolar stop. In North American English, the voiceless alveolar stop becomes voiceless when it follows a vowel or /r/ and precedes an unstressed syllable. In the shift from Canadian English to British English, the children had to “change these voiced stops to voiceless stops” (Trudgill 1986: 22). The study focused on the progression and success of the shift.
From their data, Tagliamonte and Molfenter were able to report a number of interesting things. The children’s progression was very gradual, and the acquisition of British English was relatively steady. Past research has also pointed to stable growth in second dialect acquisition. According to Chambers, a simple rule, such as T-voicing, is expected to show “sustained, if erratic, progress” (Chambers 1992:687).
Additionally, the study found variability amongst the three children. Past research has also shown variability in the process of second dialect acquisition. Trudgill’s work displayed notable differences in the progress made by twins (Trudgill 1986: 28-31). Some of the differences amongst the children can also be attributed to school. The commencement of school marks their first real connection to the local community and could have important effects of second dialect acquisition. This supports Trudgill’s accommodation theory, which purports the idea that second dialect acquisition exclusively occurs in face-to-face interaction. Education has a considerable effect on acquisition in general, and studies have found that parental influence is reduced when children begin school (Payne 1980; Kerswill 1996;...

Find Another Essay On Second Dialect Acquisition

Linguistic Features of Canadian Dialect Essay

1816 words - 8 pages factors, as well as phonetic and phonological factors. After summarising Evans and Iverson (2007), I will discuss salience as a factor in the acquisition of D2 phonetic and phonological features. Secondly, I will discuss the influence of identity on second dialect acquisition (SDA). These points will be discussed with reference to the findings of Evans and Iverson (2007), Nycz (2013) and Sankoff (2004). 2. Previous research: Evans and Iverson

Lesson Planning with SIOP: A Theoretical Base (Benchmark Assessment)

1629 words - 7 pages and that the status of a student’s ethnic group in relation to the larger culture can help or hinder the acquisition of the language of mainstream society, a position I agree with. In addition to her previous assertions, she states that different students have different learning styles. Research has shown that individuals vary greatly in the ways they learn a second language (Skehan, 1989). Some students are intrinsically motivated, others

Lesson Planning with SIOP: A Theoretical Base (Benchmark Assessment)

1566 words - 6 pages Cortes http://blog.mangolanguages.com/2010/02/25/krashen%E2%80%99s-input-hypothesis-and-comprehensible-input-i-1/ ERIC®DIGEST EDO-FL-00-05 SEPTEMBER 2000 Contextual Factors in Second Language Acquisition AÍDA WALQUI, WEST ED, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comprehensible_input http://www.linguist.org.cn/doc/uc200809/uc20080912.pdf (ZHENG Dong-lin (1971- ), female, lecturer of College English Department, Huaiyin

Language Development

1714 words - 7 pages Language development in young childrenLanguage developmentOur lives are filled with language. The first level of language is called the linguistic level, this is when children first "develop knowledge of language" (Otto, 2010). The metalinguistic level is the second level of language knowledge, where children can "manipulate, phonemic, semantic, syntactic, morphemic, and pragmatic knowledge to form a message. When a child arrives at

Metacognitive Reading Strategies

2644 words - 11 pages students are able to successfully employ MRS on their own after explicit MRS instruction and to what extent it might affect their reading comprehension skills. The topics that will be covered in the literature review include an overview of the reading research related to both second language (L2) and second dialect (D2) learners in academic contexts, a summary of learning strategies research in Second Language Acquisition (SLA), and the more

The Sun Will Come Out Amara A study of the language development of a Cambodian girl in the United States

2341 words - 9 pages -A-Double-Half-Caffe-Mocha-Frappe-Iced-Vanilla-Latte-But-Don't-Spill-It-On-The-Beamer-Novato, Calif.According to language acquisition theorist John Schumann, second language acquisition only occurs to the extent that the individual can become acculturated (1978), and from very early in her reflection we can see how language and cultural shock drastically impeded Amara's adoption into United States (and, more specifically, Novato) culture . As she

Basic Language Skills and Language Acquisition and Development

1308 words - 6 pages PERSONAL REFLECTION AND EXPERIENCE ON BASIC LANGUAGE SKILL USAGE As an education student currently pursuing the I.T. (Information Technology ) Education bachelor's degree program, this program has brought to light various issues I had not been aware of regarding language acquisition and development. It is now, with this knowledge, easier to see the language development and acquisition path that I have been subconsciously on. As

How Babies Talks

987 words - 4 pages Golinkoff and a study conducted, those who learn a second language at an earlier age (During the critical period) were able to form correct sentences and speak without an accent more often. This further reiterates the belief about the critical period being a time frame that allows learning skills to be easier. Personally, I learned English and Gujarati (Dialect of Hindi) concurrently as a child from my mother and father and when I speak to my

Spanish and English Interelation

1619 words - 6 pages is English; this language has turned into that lingua franca.Although English is spoken by people all over the world, there is still an unconscious influence of one´s mother tongue on English. Linguists have studied how and to what extent the native language influences the process of second language acquisition, a concept known as transfer. Individuals tend to transfer forms, meanings and distributions of words along with its syntax

Parents' Attitudes Toward First Language Acquisition for Their Children: A Case Study of Indian Immigrant

1613 words - 7 pages . To conclude, the findings from this study suggest that, Indian parents in Jeddah are in struggle i.e. conflict due to who has the authority to choose the L1 on the behalf of the child. As appeared in the previous sections, the mother has more influence on the child's L1 whereas the father has a limited chance to do so. This is an interesting point, we could say now, in terms of L1 acquisition we have influenced by our mother's language , dialect, slang and accent more than our fathers.

Self-Rated Competency

1936 words - 8 pages ). Two of the most common types of bilingualism include simultaneous bilingualism (acquisition of both languages occur early on from birth) and sequential bilingualism (exposure to the second language occurs after the first language is already established, usually after 3 years of age). A potential consequence of second-language acquisition is a process called language loss or language attrition. Language attrition is defined as a process where

Similar Essays

Language Acquisition Principles Essay

1029 words - 4 pages something that to be considered when acquiring a language. When considering the contextual factors in the acquisition of a second language, Walqui explains the importance of various factors that shape second language learning: language distance, native language proficiency, knowledge of second language, dialect and register, language status, and language attitude. These things differ from Krashen’s theory because they focus on formal

Joseph’s Dialect In Wuthering Heights Essay

1307 words - 5 pages standard English. It seems that the deep structure of Joseph’s sentence could be “What are you here for?” in which case it means it is appropriate to drop the word “here” in that context for speakers of the Yorkshire dialect. Another syntactic difference is that Joseph combines “nobody” and “but” into the single word “nobbut.” He also morphs “not me” into “nor-ne-me.” He also turns “with it” into a contraction. In the second example, instead of

The Importance Of Dialect In Education

2006 words - 9 pages comes solely from their association with different groups in our society.” Why should teachers teach acceptance of different dialects among the students in their classrooms? Wolfram states in his article that “growing evidence supports the conclusion that respect for and knowledge of a student’s community dialect aids rather than hinders the acquisition of Standard English.” Educating students on dialects does not match up with Standard English

Untitled Essay

2608 words - 10 pages will not change. The education argument holds no ground. I assumed it did, but my research has proven otherwise. We cannot teach or influence a change in something that is embedded in culture and developed prior to education. So what then, if anything, can be done? I have mentioned that the Range dialect begins developing prior to any formal education. This is indisputable. We have learned in class that language acquisition begins at a very young