This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Second Language Acquisition In Childhood Essay

1254 words - 5 pages

Children acquire their native language, which fall within a wide range of languages, at a very early stage of development. During development, a child begins to show signs of verbal communication, usually starting out as cooing, babbling, recognizable words, and later two or more word sentences. This occurrence is also seen in the development of second languages. Second language acquisition is the study of how second languages are typically developed. The process of acquiring our native language is very similar and influential to the development of a second language. The development of a second language has become increasingly popular throughout the world. Today more people are growing up with appropriate resources to acquire a second language, which can be seen from the vast numbers of bilingual individuals.

As previously stated, “Second language acquisition is the study of how an additional language is developed within a child’s life” (Gass & Selinker, 2008). According to researchers David and Wei (2008) “evidence seems to suggest that bilingual children’s language development is by and large the same as that of monolingual children”(p.599), meaning these children go through the same process beginning with babbling, followed by one-word sentences and progressing towards a more develop multiword stage. They way in which a child develops his/her first language becomes a guide for the development of a second language. Children may use their language skills acquired during L1 (first language) learning to help them obtain foreign languages. Research has shown that “both L1 and L2 are tools that serve complementary and sometimes overlapping functions” (Kohnert, 2008). Whether to use first language verse second language may depend on the child’s environment. For example, a French-English child may use his/her native language of French when conversing with family, however, in an outside environment such as school, the child would switch to his/her second language. According to Kayser (2004) “suggests that first-language literacy development is strongly related to successful second-language learning and academic achievement, and that literacy skills developed in the native language transfer to the second language”. This additional research provides more support for the way in which children obtains second languages.

Kohnert, (2008) an associate professor in the Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, “L2 learners are sometimes referred to as “sequential bilinguals” which are individuals with consistent experience in one language beginning at birth, who then acquire L2 at some point in their lives”. The process of acquiring a second language may occur during early development, which includes educational programs or L2 may be acquired on trips to foreign countries. Educational programs are set throughout schools, allowing students the opportunity to expand linguistic abilities. Foreign languages are beginning to be...

Find Another Essay On Second Language Acquisition in Childhood

The Process of Language Acquisition in Childhood

2953 words - 12 pages visibly see, such as “The zoo is big” (Hoff, 2006). Studies show child directed speech to be so effective that it is often used as a method for teaching adults a second language (Hoff, 2006). A study conducted by Goodwyn found that symbolic gesturing facilitates the language acquisition process (Goodwyn, 2000). The gesturing discussed in this study has been shown to rely greatly on infant directed speech (Goodwyn, 2000). Infant directed speech has

First and Second Language Acquisition Essay

1339 words - 5 pages to express their highly complex ideas at a discourse level of an elementary school pupil" (5). These new emotions leave an adult learner in a slightly helpless position, unable to regain the egocentricity of their childhood, which is just on more hindrance in a line of many. Although the desired outcomes of child first language acquisition and adult second language acquisition are exactly the same, the actual outcomes are in reality quite

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR LEARNERS

1196 words - 5 pages Teaching and acquiring second foreign languages are necessary to have various knowledge that relate to different ways or methodologies. As a known initially the people have (L1.) mother tongue after the birth. It is learned from the way of audition and this acquisition starts with maternity and infanthood. The mother tongue learners learn the main rules and patterns which is L1. Therefore, second language acquisition becomes impalpable. Most of

The Impact of Age in Relation to Second Language Acquisition

2029 words - 9 pages Illinois provided in their case study, “Critical Period Effects in Second Language Learning: The Influence of Maturational State on the Acquisition of English as a Second Language” that, “some investigators have suggested that a critical period theory must predict that children are better than adults at learning second languages” (63). In order to prove or disprove the idea that children are able to better acquire second languages at a higher rate

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages Essay«Comparing first and second language acquisition»«Comparing first and second language acquisition»Language acquisition is the subdiscipline of applied linguistics and the area of researches of psycholinguistic.Language acquisition is "picking up' a language, not learning it consciously but by being exposed to it in natural situations (e.g. as a child learns its first language). Often contrasted with language learning

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages Essay«Comparing first and second language acquisition»«Comparing first and second language acquisition»Language acquisition is the subdiscipline of applied linguistics and the area of researches of psycholinguistic.Language acquisition is "picking up' a language, not learning it consciously but by being exposed to it in natural situations (e.g. as a child learns its first language). Often contrasted with language learning

Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition

1678 words - 7 pages Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition For decades, foreign language teachers wandered in a scientific abyss. Until 1983, there had been little real research dealing with the ways in which someone acquires a second language. Teachers mostly used the audiolingual classroom model that had been in place for the past twenty years (or, even worse, the literally ancient grammatical translation model that had been used by

The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

959 words - 4 pages concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives. One of the theories to explain second language acquisition issues from the sociocultural/sociolinguistic point of view is Brown’s (1980) Optimal distance Model, which is in parallel with Schumann’s (1986) Acculturation Model. Brown (1980) and Schumann (1986) state that both second language learning difficulties and the level of mastery in that language can be determined

How do teachers apply the second language acquisition approaches?

938 words - 4 pages Now days it is essential to acquire a second language which let people interact with other cultures, in a global world, as it is known, there are different approaches related to a second language acquisition, but how are they practiced in a real classroom? To get a general idea which can potentially clarify this question, two classes were exanimated to compare and contrast theory and practice. Here the descriptions and results: First of all

How Children Learn Language: Neurobiological Insights Into Language Acquisition During Childhood

2829 words - 11 pages Language is perceived as the way humans communicate through the use of spoken words or sign action, it involves particular system and styles in which we interact with one another (Oxford 2009). Possessing this ability to communicate through the use of language is thought to be a quintessential human trait (Pinker 2000). Learning a language, know as language acquisition, is something that every child does successfully within a few years. It is

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages Addressing challenges on acquisition of reading comprehension to second language English speakers. Where does the gap lie? Background to the study In our country, South Africa, we know that we are faced with so many socio-economic issues Some of these issues are poverty, high crime, HIV/AIDS epidemic, child-headed families, abuse in the family, illiterate parents and alcoholic parents just to name a few. These social make it even harder for us

Similar Essays

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3332 words - 13 pages The essay was focused on the following question: What possible explanations are there for the failure of EFL students to achieve native-like competence in a second language. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION The outcome of first language acquisition is a success in children. Children acquire the grammar of the ambient language. Adult language acquisition, on the other hand, results in varying degrees of success or failure to acquire the target

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2391 words - 10 pages SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ASSIGNMENTFaced with the reality that few students attain the native-like competence the following question arises what are the root causes of this problem?. Many researchers agree in that L2 learners are bad at L2 learning, in spite of the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, they still have a foreign accent, or they make mistakes when they apply the rules of grammar in their writings

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3146 words - 13 pages makes the point that CF can demotivate students “even students who believe that correction is a necessary part of learning do not enjoy the sight of red ink all over their writing” (Truscott, 1996:p. 354). Students when they see their errors might avoid attempting complex structures and instead only write in simpler sentences which are grammatically correct in order to avoid mistakes. Truscott (1996) points out how Second language acquisition (SLA

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2014 words - 8 pages Introduction Through the years, language teachers, psychologists and others have had varying ideas of how languages are learned. Second language acquisition has multiple models, including cognitive based models, sociocultural models, and models regarding input and interaction. In this paper, my goal is to take one prominent model of SLA, the interactionist model, and determine how this model actually plays out in the classroom. I seek to answer