Second Language Learners Essay

4390 words - 18 pages

A major and continuing challenge for American education is the poor academic performance of the growing school population of English language learners. Because learning the type of English needed to do well in school requires several years, an important focus of many educators is to find ways to improve and speed up these children's knowledge of English and their English literacy in order to support adequate school achievement. The question for this paper is: How do immigrant second language school age children differ from Americanized children; and what can be done by our educational system to improve the transition of immigrant second language learners and bring those children up to their age-level education?English language learners are often the least successful group of children academically. English literacy, a skill built from the youngest grades in American society, is crucial because the content learned increasingly depends on good reading and interpretation skills. Many students in the United States are only just learning oral English skills in their elementary school years at the same time that they are having to learn to read and write in English. Research on second language development has shown that it takes approximately three to five years to develop oral proficiency for informal settings, and as much as four to seven years to develop the kind of language needed for problem solving, analysis, synthesis, and applying their learning (Cummins, 1991). These more complex uses of the English language in schools point out the challenges facing young second language learners and it is clear that second language learners must learn both the new language, including its academic forms, and at the same time keep up in other subject areas with native English speakers who are also further developing their language skills.Volunteering at the YWCA has greatly altered my perception of this phenomenon. I was able to work directly with children whose first language is not English and who are suffering from the lack of efficiency of our school system. It was a consistent problem that the children were not up to par with the grade level they were placed in; these children are just thrown into the expected grade level, even if their abilities are not sufficient with what the class is learning. I find this to be a huge problem with our educational system today. My supervisor explained how this tragedy facing our youngsters could be escaping the attention of our educators; she said that this struggle is being put onto these children purposely by the schools because they need to reach a quota of children advancing to each grade level. If they fail to pass a certain amount of children, they will get fined or written up. I find this to be so horrific. The children, who can't even read well, are being taught how to multiply and divide. I once encountered a child who had to do simple multiplication, but barely knew how to add. This is such a misfortune in our...

Find Another Essay On Second Language Learners

The Monitor Model Essay

972 words - 4 pages Acquisition – learning hypothesis According to Gass (1997), Krashen points out that there are two independent processes that develop second language competence. These two processes are acquisition and learning. Acquisition is a subconscious process in which learners acquire the language similar to children acquiring their first language. In this process, learners are not aware of the fact of that they are acquiring the language, but they know

Dual Language Programs Essay

965 words - 4 pages children developing language and skills spontaneously (Honigsfield, 2009). Second language learners have variables such as memory, perception, acquisition, conscious and subconscious learning styles, and recall. Even though, second language learners have those instilled variables, it is imperative for the teachers to guide learning and set the conditions of learning. Bilingual Children with Primary Language Impairment: Issues, Evidence, and

Second Language Acquisition

3332 words - 13 pages language. Some learners might be completely successful, some might fail or they might achieve high levels of proficiency. There exist possible clarifications to the failure in second language competence. We will examine three probable causes that will explore the deficiency in the second language competence (Psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and discourse theories). The Psycholinguistic theory covers the cognitive process that makes possible to generate

How to Teach a Second Language

1024 words - 5 pages your students, or implement appropriate opportunities for learners to practice the language during the class. According to Jim Scrivener (2011), the general ideas from someone who wants to teach a second language are: what a teacher’s job is, what learners can do and how they should work. Based on these ideas, before you start teaching you have to consider three main steps. First of all you have to know the language, then you need to know the

Learners' Response to a Lesson

1198 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION The aim of this assignment is to describe and evaluate the learners’ responses to a lesson taught to twenty-seven students in eighth grade in Gimnasio Iragua whose average age is 13-14 years. Most of the students like getting involved in activities that foster competition or collaborative work. They also like getting involved in guessing and predicting activities in which they have to communicate to each other using the language

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages , they can’t cope with the curriculum in grade 4. According to Dreyer, L. G & Kats, L.,(1982) reading comprehension is the ability to understand any written text. I ask myself why learners that are second language speakers struggle so much with reading comprehension of text. Is it the fact that learners aren’t taught comprehension effectively e.g. the reading strategies are not taught step by step (making connections, summarizing information

Krashen’s Monitor Model and Its Implications in Second Language Teaching

2125 words - 9 pages these approaches will benefit learners more because than others because they will have scientific basis and evidence from research. As a result, both teachers and learners will know how the second language acquisition is developed. This research paper consists of a literature review that starts with an overview of the nativist perspective on first language acquisition. After that, it will examine the Monitor Model and its five hypothesis: the

Language Learning Strategies: A deeper look

1064 words - 5 pages are a shift not only in language learning but in any learning process since learners needs have become the center of attention. When they are used appropriately, the learners are more involved and aware of their own learning processes, development and progress. Hence, learning strategies are very useful while learning a foreign language since some learners are more engaged than others with their learning process. One of the main reasons is that

Comment on Popular Ideas about Language Learning

848 words - 4 pages explain how the novel sentences are formed by children. Hence, I cannot explain first and second language acquisition only through imitation due to the novel sentences that children make during their conversations as Noam Chomsky explained in “Universal Grammar”, that is, “children’s minds are not blank slates to be filled by imitating language”. Besides, SLA learners also form novel sentences and use structures that they have not heard. On the

How needs analysis is used to develop an appropriate beginners' course

2176 words - 9 pages adult learning: In general, the capacities of adults to learn seem to remain relatively stable under conditions of continuous use and absence of diseases and time pressure. With respect to second language acquisition we find that fossilisation is quite normal, although there appear to be adult second language learners who attain perfect performance (Nunan, D. 1985). It is fair to say that, the major difference between child learning and adult

An Examination of Language Learning Strategies Used by College Students in Mainland China

2271 words - 10 pages improve their language competence. There were no concrete criteria on what good language learners should be. Instead, they describe some shared behaviors the good language learners usually do in order to facilitate the research into second language acquisition. For example, Rubin (1975) listed seven common activities good language learners do and Oxford (1989) classified the variety of strategies used by good language learners into six types

Similar Essays

Second Language Acquisition For Learners Essay

1196 words - 5 pages Teaching and acquiring second foreign languages are necessary to have various knowledge that relate to different ways or methodologies. As a known initially the people have (L1.) mother tongue after the birth. It is learned from the way of audition and this acquisition starts with maternity and infanthood. The mother tongue learners learn the main rules and patterns which is L1. Therefore, second language acquisition becomes impalpable. Most of

Teaching Conditionals To Second Language Learners

2094 words - 9 pages the variety of forms and the back-shifting of tense in second and third conditionals. According to English Language Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to 6), students are firstly taught the zero and first conditionals as a basis. After students progress to a higher level, they are taught the second and third conditionals (CDC2004). In this paper, a critique is carried out on Miss. Wong’s teaching methods from the perceptive of pros and cons of teaching

The Best Way To Learn Semantic Chinese Radicals For Adult Second Language Learners

882 words - 4 pages Discussion According to the experiment results the first hypotheses the adult second language learners of Chinese language can learn functional role of sematic radicals; they will remember the regular characters better than the irregular characters on the post test was supported. The participants showed that they could learn functional role of semantic radicals. If we look at figure 1 we can see that both instruction groups of explicit and

English Language Learners Comprehension Lessson Plan For Second Grade English. Helping Students Understand Nouns And Verbs

763 words - 3 pages 1. Introduction: Connect to prior knowledge of definitions and uses of parts of speech. Start recollection by writing a sentence on the board and identifying the noun and adjective.2. Lesson Objective: The students will be able to apply adjective-noun combinations within sentences.Second Grade Content Standard: 1.3 Identify and correctly use various parts of speech, including nouns and verbs, in writing and speaking.English Language Development