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Sectionalism Essay

794 words - 4 pages

Shortly after the American Revolution, the United States was able to become it’s own independent nation. The North was able to prosper on an economic and social level, while the south had trouble adapting to it’s newly gained independence. These social and economic differences created tension between the North and South. Different political and moral viewpoints, among other dissimilarities eventually led to a civil war, between the Northern loyal states and the Southern Confederacy.
A leading cause of the civil war, was the increase in sectionalism; which is loyalty to one's state rather than one’s nation. Sectionalism was based primarily off of political views and regional culture. ...view middle of the document...

This cotton was picked and seeded by slaves. Slaves drove the south’s economy, for example, in 1860 there were 4 million slaves in the United States, cotton production was at it’s highest, the US was able to produce 191 million dollars worth of cotton (2). In 1840 there were 3.2 million slaves and only 63 million dollars worth of cotton was produced, these figures show how southern economy relied heavily on the use of slaves (2).
The north on the other hand felt that slavery was immoral and should be brought to an end. Abolitionists moved throughout the north speaking against slavery. One very famous and effective abolitionist was Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass was an African American that purchased his own freedom. On July 4th, 1852, Frederick Douglass spoke about Independence Day, and how it is all a sham (3). Frederick Douglass stated, “ Your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless… You glory in your refinement and your universal education, yet you maintain a system as barbarous and dreadful as ever stained the character of a nation- a system begun in avarice, supported in pride, and perpetuated in cruelty” (3). This statement set up the opposing views on slavery. The quotation brought the truth about slavery to north, and kick started the abolitionist movement.
The fight for slavery was still live in the south. Senator James H. Hammond spoke on behalf of slavery, and why the nation should allow it....

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