Secularization Essay

552 words - 2 pages


The word secularization is derived from the Latin word saeculum(world) it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Secularization as a concept refers to the actual historical process whereby this dualist system “ this world'; and the sacramental structures of mediation between this world and the other world progressively breakdown until the entire medieval systems of classification disappear, to be replaced by new systems of spatial structuration of the spheres. The structured division of 'this world'; into two separate spheres, 'the religious'; and 'the secular'; has to be distinguished and kept separate. From now on, there will be only one single 'this world';, the secular one, within which religion will have to find its own place. If before, it was the religious realm which appeared to be the all-encompassing reality within which the secular realm found its proper place, now the secular sphere will be the all-encompassing within which religious sphere will have to adapt.

There are several conceptions of secularization.
1. Decline of religion
2. Differentiation of institution, practices and activities from religion
3. Transposition of norms from religion to the world
4. Desacralization of the world
5. Conformity of religion to the world
There are also causes of secularization
1. Industrialization
2. Urbanization
3. Some beliefs and practices in Christianity may have fostered some forms of secularization
The Three separate moments of secularization

The core and central thesis of the theory of secularization is the conceptualization of the process of societal modernization as a process of functional differentiation and emancipation of the secular sphere from the religious sphere and the concomitant differentiation and specialization of religion...

Find Another Essay On Secularization

Importance of Education in Kingdom Education: God´s Plans for Educating Future Generations

1015 words - 4 pages In Glen Shultz’s (2003) book Kingdom Education: God’s Plan for Educating Future Generations he addresses the importance of education in coordination with the family and church in developing and training future generations within a biblical worldview. He describes moral decline, increased crime rates, the disintegration of the family and the church’s inability to be the salt of the earth as examples of the increased secularization because of the

Martin Luther, John Calvin, and the Anabaptists Impact

1055 words - 5 pages A new way of thinking erupted throughout Europe starting in 1517 in what is known as the Reformation. Starting with Martin Luther, the new innovations and ideas brought the world to a more secular age. Individuals like Luther and John Calvin lived in a split nation of Catholics and Protestants. The ideas of Lutherans, Calvinists, and the Anabaptists had different ways of paving the road for individualism, secularization, and democracy as their

The Impact of Religion on Political Structure

1726 words - 7 pages has had numerous up and downs within the strength of religion over the political system. In 1979, there was a major Revolution in Iran, which made drastic changes and setbacks to the education system. In a traditional sense, it was very common for education and religion to be tied together, especially during the 1800’s. Iran experienced modernization and secularization from 1925-1979, in which the educational system was expanded, and based on

The Dancer's Gift and Sociology

905 words - 4 pages : 149). In chapter ten, Martinique understands that in the U.S. he is in minority group, and some people have prejudices, while others discriminate him and treat unfairly since he is black (Kennedy et al. 2003: 180-181) . In chapter eight, where their fellow-member of course was held in a “sect”, called the Kingdom of love, it is described as “… the materialism and secularization of our society, it’s supposed to be a heaven of sacred truth and love

Muslims in West

1010 words - 4 pages , pg 56) This is a frequent trope in contemporary far-right anti-Muslim literature that presents Muslim communities in many European countries and the United States as a fifth column incompetent of devotion to liberal democratic states. According to Drakulic (2009), "the ethno-religious coalescence within, as well as the antagonism between, religious communities survived the processes of secularization associated with modernity and provided

Mexican Revolution - How "revolutionary" was this event in reality? Explores the changes brought about during this time period. - Mexico - Early 1900's.

1059 words - 4 pages development, but sponsored socialist ideas, such as the nationalization of major industry, and nationalization and secularization of the school system. The regimes of Carranza, Obregón and Calles all adhered to models for development of the economy which were not very different from those of Diaz, who also adhered to mostly capitalist models. The leaders of this period were promoters of the central state, just as Díaz had been (450), unlike Díaz

The Modern Canadian Family

1672 words - 7 pages “the number of years that marriages are exposed to the risk of divorce correspondingly increases” (Matthews, 2004, p.181). This change is an influence in divorce and separation rates (Matthews, 2004, p. 181). The third factor that Matthews (2004) contributes to family change is the cultural factors (p.182). Because there are too many cultural factors to consider, Matthews (2004) focused on three: secularization, individualism, and egalitarianism

Separation of Religions in Meiji Japan

651 words - 3 pages and Buddhism and its concomitant suppression of Buddhism were coercive pressed forward by the government. With them Shinto achieved for the first time the status of an independent religion, which supported for national policies and emperor-oriented ideologies as a means of mobilizing citizens in the task of nation-building.BibliographyTomatsu, Yoshiharu. The Secularization of Japanese Buddhism: The Priest as Profane Practitioner of the Sacred. .Gluck, Carol. "Ch. 1: Ideology and imperial Japan." Japan's modern myths : ideology in the late Meiji period. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985. 3-16.

Islamic Financial Contracts

1050 words - 4 pages in our current financing system. I) In what Islamic Finance is so different from the current global finance? The sociologists agree to say that the process of the modernization of the society is due to the separation of the different spheres (economical, artistic, legal…) from the religion. This process called secularization is the foundation of our society: “saeculum” in Latin means “century” and what is related with the time for the Church

Differences in Work-Family Policies in the Different Welfare States

2283 words - 9 pages education and family well been. In both France and Sweden, an activist family policy tradition and political secularization facilitated the expansion of childcare and other policies in support of mothers’ employment. The opposite occurred in the Netherlands, as politically dominant Christian Democratic parties opposed both mothers’ employment and direct state provision of social care services. In the United States, efforts to increase the federal role

Humans and Nature during the Scientific Revolution

1332 words - 5 pages synthesis and the Secularization of Human Knowledge: The Scientific Revolution, 1642-1750 (2), <> (August 8, 2000). 2. John Torrance, The Concept of Nature (Clarendon Press, 1992) , 74. 3. Kreis <>. 4. Torrance, 64. 5. Steven Kreis, Lecture 6 - The Medieval synthesis and the Secularization of Human Knowledge: The

Similar Essays

Modern Britain As A Secular Society

1241 words - 5 pages modern Britain is secular society. Martin 1978 believes that the term secularization has become almost meaningless because everyone has different interpretations of it. He also feel that other sociologists work is highly influenced by their own views and ideas. Martin found that the degree of religious pluralism in society , the relationship between state and religion and the extent to which religion helps provide a sense

Ever Changing Society Essay

1304 words - 5 pages From the beginning of the twentieth century, the roles of religion have slowly been declining in societies. With the up rise of science and logic, more and more people are turning to logical thinking instead of looking to a religion. Scientists are arguing that there is no proof of a God or any other signs of a superior power. Secularization has made its way into all societies, with the fight of religion versus science being the biggest

Politics In American Religion Today Essay

1006 words - 4 pages join them on social issues, this coalition makes up a formidable 45 percent of religionists in America. Mutual stereotyping, polarization, and inflamed passions have created hostile camps, and opponents often have become enemies.In the secularization thesis, religion is declining worldwide and secularism is advancing. As modernity spreads, secularism spreads in its wake. (Wald, 2003) The high degree of religious involvement with politics in the

American Religious Movements Essay

1093 words - 4 pages ; The modern interpretation of religion is that it is always in decline because of modernization. As most people agree, modernity leads to secularization and secularization leads to religious apathy in certain circles. This belief is caused by the experience that history has taught us. Christianity was once the intellectual, spiritual, and ethical guidebook for all of life. The church used to play an essential role in almost all public