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Security And The International System Essay

790 words - 3 pages

Some scholars have remarked that the rise of globalism and international non-state actors has ushered in an age where the traditional tools of international relations are no longer necessary. Rather than states competing with each other with the preverbal sticks, whether it be military force, economic sanctions, partnering with other nations to deter potential aggressors, the new Post-cold war world will be dominated with carrots. States will engage each other in positive-sum relations of trade and cooperation. This however was only able to flourished because of the unrivaled military supremacy of the United States. Without the United States as a global hegemony, traditional political instruments will not see a decline but rather an increasingly important role in the world.

Globalism and the convergence of world order is built out of the U.S. dominance from World War II. After the Allies defeated Nazi Germany, the United State embarked on a mission to create and economic framework that encompassed every part of the globe with the exception of the Soviet Union and its satellite states. The Bretton Woods conference in July 1944 created a monitory world where the United State dollar was the world currency. Along with Bretton Woods and the institutions that were created out of it, the United Nations was created where the great powers has a venue for formal diplomatic relations between themselves. Being that at its creation in 1945 the United States was the only major world power not laying in ruins, it was created with western democratic values at it core as seen in the Declarations of Human Rights (1948). In addition, the Marshall Plan brought every major western European powers in line with the United States eventually leading to the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

All of these institutions formed under the banner of United States a military supremacy. However, unlike John Mearsheimer’s offensive realism theory, the United States was relatively benign. At the end of World War II, the United States was the only country with the atomic bomb, the only major power with its industrial base intact, and capital to invest into other countries. With exception to the Warsaw Pact, the United States saw no reason to become a threat allowing other power to bandwagon with the United States in accordance with Stephen Walt’s balance-of-threat thesis. Through the containment of the Soviet Union, these institutions took root and created a convergence of the world’s nations under the United...

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