Security Governance in Afghanistan and the US Role
A critical analysis
Security Governance in Afghanistan
Afghan security forces have lead security responsibility throughout the country, and the United
States and its allies are reducing military involvement in Afghanistan. The current International security mission finishes at end of 2014 and is expected to transition to a smaller mission consisting mostly of training the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The number of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, about 100,000 in 2011, was reduced to a “pre-surge” level of about 66,000 by 2012, and to about 34,000 as of 2014 (Ellwood 2014). According to a US report the U.S. force will minimize to about 22,000 by the end of October. A “residual force” that will remain in Afghanistan after 2014 is likely to consist of about 12,000 U.S. and NATO trainers and mentors, of which about two-thirds would be U.S. forces, plus about 3,000 mostly U.S. counterterrorism forces. No decisions on the residual force have been announced, in part because President Hamid Karzai refuses to sign a required Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) before he leaves office in mid-2014 (Krishnamurthy 2014). However, all the candidates in presidential election which just took place with apparent high turnout and minimal violence publicly support the agreement. But a successor will likely not take office until July 2014 at the earliest, constraining the U.S. and NATO force planning process. Fearing instability after 2014, some ethnic and political faction leaders are reviving their militia forces should the international drawdown lead to a major Taliban push to retake power. U.S and Afghan armed force could not totally eliminate The Taliban, Al Qaeda, and other groups and it has been one of the main concerns among Afghan citizens and foreigners too. Security governance in Afghanistan has always been a problematic issue. This paper therefore, will describe and analyze the security problems that Afghanistan have faced and is facing like in terms of governance these warlords have became problematic, not signing the BSA, not finalizing the peace talks with the Taliban, and will Taliban and Al Qaeda ever disappear from Afghanistan? Also at the end it will recommend some solutions for these problems. The main argument of this paper is whether the withdrawal of US troops will affect the security and stability in Afghanistan or not, whether the Afghan National Army is able to protect the country from the Taliban? Most importantly who is the real enemy of this land and how can Afghanistan eradicate them? Finally, I believe, US will remain in Afghanistan and will support both politically and economically and as we have witnessed the elections Afghanistan is on its way to real democracy, peace and stability.
Afghanistan has a history of a high degree of decentralization, and resistance to foreign invasion and occupation. Some have termed it the...