Security Governance In Afghanistan Essay

2796 words - 11 pages

Security Governance in Afghanistan and the US Role
A critical analysis

Security Governance in Afghanistan
I. Summary:

Afghan security forces have lead security responsibility throughout the country, and the United
States and its allies are reducing military involvement in Afghanistan. The current International security mission finishes at end of 2014 and is expected to transition to a smaller mission consisting mostly of training the Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF). The number of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, about 100,000 in 2011, was reduced to a “pre-surge” level of about 66,000 by 2012, and to about 34,000 as of 2014 (Ellwood 2014). According to a US report the U.S. force will minimize to about 22,000 by the end of October. A “residual force” that will remain in Afghanistan after 2014 is likely to consist of about 12,000 U.S. and NATO trainers and mentors, of which about two-thirds would be U.S. forces, plus about 3,000 mostly U.S. counterterrorism forces. No decisions on the residual force have been announced, in part because President Hamid Karzai refuses to sign a required Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) before he leaves office in mid-2014 (Krishnamurthy 2014). However, all the candidates in presidential election which just took place with apparent high turnout and minimal violence publicly support the agreement. But a successor will likely not take office until July 2014 at the earliest, constraining the U.S. and NATO force planning process. Fearing instability after 2014, some ethnic and political faction leaders are reviving their militia forces should the international drawdown lead to a major Taliban push to retake power. U.S and Afghan armed force could not totally eliminate The Taliban, Al Qaeda, and other groups and it has been one of the main concerns among Afghan citizens and foreigners too. Security governance in Afghanistan has always been a problematic issue. This paper therefore, will describe and analyze the security problems that Afghanistan have faced and is facing like in terms of governance these warlords have became problematic, not signing the BSA, not finalizing the peace talks with the Taliban, and will Taliban and Al Qaeda ever disappear from Afghanistan? Also at the end it will recommend some solutions for these problems. The main argument of this paper is whether the withdrawal of US troops will affect the security and stability in Afghanistan or not, whether the Afghan National Army is able to protect the country from the Taliban? Most importantly who is the real enemy of this land and how can Afghanistan eradicate them? Finally, I believe, US will remain in Afghanistan and will support both politically and economically and as we have witnessed the elections Afghanistan is on its way to real democracy, peace and stability.

II. Introduction:

Afghanistan has a history of a high degree of decentralization, and resistance to foreign invasion and occupation. Some have termed it the...

Find Another Essay On Security Governance in Afghanistan

Government in Afghanistan Essay

914 words - 4 pages Government in Afghanistan Is the Afghan government powerful enough to prevent the corrupt patronage networks and keep the promise of providing security for the nation? The years of fighting and misery has proved this governmental system to be weak, and as a result caused distress to the nation. The unexpected shift from a monarchy to a Republic began a series of changes that the country had to undertake. Through the course of a century

National Security Decision Making Essay

2598 words - 10 pages diplomacy in Pakistan and Afghanistan during the previous administration and consequently the diplomats, along with the security team, acknowledge the importance of diplomacy will play in their developing grand strategy. They specifically believe more diplomacy will be needed to deal with Afghanistan’s poor governance and this includes United Nations involvement, particularly with the pending elections. During the process, the president and staff

Globalization Process in Afghanistan

2558 words - 10 pages progress of the past few years, Afghanistan is extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid. Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs. Criminality, insecurity, weak governance, lack of infrastructure, and the Afghan Government's difficulty in extending rule of law to all parts of the country pose challenges to future economic growth. Afghanistan's living

War Economy

1982 words - 8 pages themselves, in conditions of greater security, but without a development agenda, public services, or reforms, notably in the status of women. Such a peace would continue to threaten the region, as expanding drug trade, money laundering, and smuggling would undermine governance in several countries, strengthen Taliban-like forces in Pakistan, continue to pose both political and practical obstacles to international reconstruction

The Continuing Conflict in Afghanistan

3796 words - 15 pages has the possibility to aggravate the condition in Afghanistan. In the interim, a likely rise in security episodes generated by the setting up of extra international forces will put forward challenges. In the long term, continuing ineffective governance, mounting fury concerning the actions and existence of foreigners in the country, increase in population combined with inadequate resources and the consequences of global warming have the


1639 words - 7 pages cultivation, the lack of governance, the farmers' motives, and the economic incentives keeps Afghanistan at the top of opium market. Opium Production Boom Beginning with the Soviet invasion in the 1980s, Afghanistan went through a decade of conflict with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics leaving them in a state of recession. The war essentially halted their economic growth and development leading to a crippled government and workforce that has

Afghanistan and Liberia: Why One Failed While One Thrives

1439 words - 6 pages , has taken responsibility for it’s own reform and is in the process of improving it’s security sector and level-of-life. In 2013, the Ibrahim Index of African Governance named Liberia the most improved country on the continent in terms of safety and rule of law3. So what separates Afghanistan from Liberia? Why has one ignored human rights and fallen behind on reform processes while the other has greatly improved level-of-life and security? Both

Taliban Terrorist Group

2014 words - 8 pages re-establish a new Islamic state in Afghanistan that can represent an Islamic caliphate in the central Asia. Works Cited Katzman, K. (November 19, 2010). Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy. Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs , 1-10. Mason, T. H. (2007). understunding the taliban and insurgency in afghanistan. 14-45. Rashid., A. (2000). Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia,". New

Sustainable Peace

1318 words - 6 pages for it we don’t need to be sticking our nose in other people’s business because we want to, most people don’t like other people in their business. I guess for the sake of the country that the security sector reform is important, but it causes some problems. Countries in the past 30 years that have been in transition like Afghanistan has gone from authoritarian to democratic governance, Iraq has gone from war to peace, and how I think the best

Political Governance in Post-genocide Rwanda

3041 words - 12 pages governance they engineered the 2003 elections and remained dictatorship. Overall, it is closely associated with governance related issues in Afghanistan. During the Taliban regime, Afghanistan also faced lack of prosperous, stable and strong political governance since the people in power (the Taliban) were dictators and brutal criminals committed massacre in large-scale throughout the country. They had killed journalists, suspended International


842 words - 3 pages ., 2009. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. Chandrasekaran, Rajiv. "U.S. Pursues a New Way To Rebuild in Afghanistan." The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company, 19 June 2009. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. "Civilian Casualty Data." Afghanistan Conflict Monitor. Human Security Report Project. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. . Grieshaber, Kirsten. "Afghanistan More Corrupt despite U.S. Aid." The Washington Times. 18 Nov

Similar Essays

Afghanistan In The Way Of Development

1143 words - 5 pages other countries and left their homes. Much of the population of Afghanistan faced with so many problems because of two decades of war; such are shortage of housing, clean water, electricity, health service, education and jobs, weak governance and insecurity. The war brought much poverty to Afghanistan. The income of a family is just 200$, the lowest income in the world. That expected that more than 20 % percent of Afghan people who are living in the

If I Become The President Of Afghanistan

717 words - 3 pages If I become the president of Afghanistan Security is the only phenomenon, which brings prosperity in a society. In a war-affected country like Afghanistan, without peace we cannot ensure economic growth, employment, education, and live a comfortable life. Afghanistan has a strategic geopolitical location in the region. Looking back to the history it is a country suffered decades of civil war that deteriorated every system of the government

Agriculture In Afghanistan Essay

3392 words - 14 pages /10-368 > Jones, Meg. “Guard goes develops agriculture in Afghanistan.” Army Times. Gannet. 7 Aug. 2010. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. Katzman, Kenneth. “Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.” Congressional Research Service. 23 Oct. 2013. “National Agriculture Development Framework.” Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation & Livestock. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Security Sector Reform Essay

1161 words - 5 pages be more beneficial to use the resources in certain programs that improve the lives of the people. The reform will therefore last longer and peace can be easily achievable over time. A case study over Afghanistan, evaluated by Captain Howk, highlights the early effort to rebuild governance in Afghanistan using Security Sector Reform. Howk recommends that SSR be the primary duty for a senior leader so that is does not decline in emphasis and that