The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, have greatly changed security policies in the United States. September 11, 2001, is an infamous day that has changed the United States in numerous aspects. After this infamous day, many people live with the fear of experiencing another major attack. After the attacks the national Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was created. One task given to the 9/11 Commission was to provide recommendations designed to prevent future attacks. In order to prevent another attack the power of security in the United States was increased. The effects of this increase in security can be seen when going through airport, going to a ball game, or even just walking on the street.
Airport security has received a monumental increase in security presence. Before 9/11, private companies contracted by the airport or airline provided airport screening; however, this changed immediately after 9/11. The federal government took control of airport security by creating the Transportation Security authority, or TSA, in November 2001. The 9/11 Commission made recommendations pertaining to the enhancing of aviation security. According to Bartholomew Elias, in his book Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism, these recommendations were:
“(1) Enhancing passenger prescreening; (2) improving measures to detect explosives on passengers; (3) addressing human factors issues at screening check points; (4) expediting deployment of in-line baggage screening systems; (5) intensifying efforts to identify, track, and screen potentially dangerous cargo; and (6) deploying hardened cargo containers on passenger aircraft to protect against explosive threats from cargo and checked baggage” (Bartholomew Elias 70-71).
On September 11, 2001, passenger prescreening only protected against terrorist using bombs in their baggage. The system did not protect against suicide bombing or hijacking. The prescreening system has since been expanded to protect against these threats by triggering a secondary screening of passengers and carry-on items. The checkpoint-screening technology used on September 11, 2001, received very little improvement since the 1970s; therefore, the technology was very limited in its capabilities. One goal of the TSA was and still is to correct the vulnerabilities of screening technology. Eventually, Whole Body Imaging, or WBI, machines were developed to remove the vulnerabilities of the screening process. However, WBI scanners struggle to gain acceptance by passengers because of many believe the machines invade one’s privacy due to the high resolution, reveling images of the passenger. Health precautions also are factors in people’s reluctance to use the machine. Many people fear that possibility of being irradiated by the x-rays used by the machines. When going through airport security today, one will be given the choice of using...