Security In The Andean Region, Diplomacy, Post Cold War Transformations

4841 words - 19 pages

Mapping Transregional Security Structures in the Andean RegionThe state has not been immune to post-Cold War transformations and the state centered model no longer applies. Global forces have resulted in a reconfiguration of the state that has had important consequences for the institution of sovereignty and for the Westphalian model. New global processes do not imply the death of the state but they suggest the need to question the conventional disaggregated, state centric view of international and domestic level politics. Globalization is all about the transformation of social geography marked by the growth of supraterritorial spaces that both transcend and coexist with conventional state units. New analytical tools are required for conceptualizing mechanisms and units that no longer strictly coincide with the modern state and state system logics.Among the multiple global processes that are reshaping sociopolitical actors in world politics, the globalization of security is one of the most evident. Security concerns and threats are borderless; they are relational and they are experienced by multiple actors at multiple levels. This article explores the current security problematic in the Andean region (Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador.) Spiraling levels of violence and social unrest, armed subversion, criminality, drug trafficking, poverty and deprivation, corruption, and ungovernability, the Andes have become the epicenter of hemispheric instability.Not only are many security imperatives in the region border blind, but states and societies also share many of the same security threats. Furthermore, Colombia's high-profile crisis has acted to crowd out the consideration of other nonmilitary-developments that also pose real risks to the security of the region. The region of South America has common problems a trait that typifies most geographic regions, but also security processes that permeate the area and transcend to individual countries within it. The Andean context, thinking beyond the state is useful way to begin identifying features and processes that may adhere to the entire region, or conversely, to subsets of the region, that do not necessarily conform to accepted political boundaries. This article takes up those issues by first looking at alternative units of analysis common in the field of international relations, then analyzing how relevant these nonstate approaches may be as a way of conceptualizing new political and social spaces in the Andean region.Although political science has had a long-standing fixation on the state, states are not the only existint forms of political community: there are multiple layers and spaces in global relations. As a way of introducing our approach, we first briefly sketch five nonstate models found in the field of IR salient to a discussion of how the post-Cold War global security processes are operational within the northern portion of South America.1. THE REGION. The region is highlighted as the...

Find Another Essay On Security in the Andean region, diplomacy, post cold war transformations

Influence of Religion on US Diplomacy Since the End of the Cold War

1502 words - 7 pages This research paper will closely analyze the US foreign policy as far as religion is concerned and the positions the present and previous regimes have taken in the relation to this of issue of religion on diplomacy. It will also give a richly detailed, engrossing and profoundly overview on how religion has greatly influenced America foreign relations. This article is take and support ideas raised from the two main articles, Andrew Preston

Security Studies During and After The Cold War

2103 words - 8 pages force into fighting these wars. The ability to collaborate between other states on a globally and to provide assistance to maintain peace and stability has been the focus of the UN (United Nations 2004, Pg. 13-14) but this security challenge was pre-existing during the Cold War between rivalling spheres of influences. Policies introduced Post-Cold War pointed out that the traditional security studies in hindsight avoided issues of security that

Cold War in The Congo

1010 words - 4 pages Kathleen NixonTHE COLD WAR GETS HOTThe Cold War and the Congo:Context:The Congo was under Belgian rule - before the Cold War the Congo was a Belgian Colony ruled by King Leopold II in Brussels. The society was treated with cruelty and unjust, there was no exercise or any care in reforming or helping the Congo develop.Around 1957 the Congo began demanding independence. Although it did not have much of a political structure the Congo began

Cuba - Cold War (briefly discussed) - Post Cold War (concentration)

1117 words - 4 pages Power, 1953 - 1959. 19 Mar. 2004.Calleya, Stephen C. Regionalism in the Post-Cold War World. Burlington:Ashgate, 2000. 1-254.Hernandez, Rafael , Andres Serbin, and Joseph S. Tulchin. Cuba and theCaribbean: Regional Issues and Trends in the Post-Cold War Era.Wilmington, Delaware: The Latin American Program at the Woodrow WilsonInternational Center for Scholars: Scholarly Resources, 1997. 1-275.Quirk, Robert E. Fidel Castro. 24 Mar. 2004.Various,. The CIA World Fact Book: Cuba. 18 Dec. 2003. CentralIntelligence Agency. 25 Mar. 2004.

The Transformations of Protagonists in War Movies Due to the Influence of His Enemies.

2904 words - 12 pages people that are different from us because of the influences from our surroundings and the society we live in. Two researchers, Lorand B. Szalay and Elahe Mir-Djalali at the Institute of Comparative Social and Cultural Studies, surveyed a group of Americans and a group of Mexicans about their perception of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Expectedly, the Americans gave a very negative response, and generally associated the Soviet Union with

What was meant by non-alignment in the post W.W.2 period? Is it still relevant after the end of Cold War?

1527 words - 7 pages Non-alignment after the Second World War can be defined as the countries that were neither supporting Capitalist world nor the Communist Soviet Blocs. Moreover, non-alignment countries in post world war II were also known as ‘Third World’. Some scholars also interpreted non-alignment as countries that are neutral or not ally with any major powers. For instance, country like Egypt. Thus does non-alignment still applicable after the post Cold War

Reconstruction in the Post-Civil War Era

667 words - 3 pages After the Civil War, the South lay in ruins. Streets were lined with the lifeless bodies of Confederate soldiers whilst the buildings smoldered right down to their foundations. In an effort to restore the South to its former charm, the U.S. government plunged the country into what is now called the Reconstruction Era. President Lincoln’s approach towards reconstruction, known as the 10% Plan, was rivaled by the collaborative effort of Henry

European Diplomacy and The First World War

944 words - 4 pages European diplomacy and the First World War 1870-192311. To what extent were the policies of Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in 1914?German policies: In the longer term, Wilhelm II's policies of Weltpolitik, his colonial ambition,caused tensions with both Britain and France (Boer War, Morocco, etc). Naval expansion led tomore tensions with Britain, contributing to the signing of the Entente Cordiale. Wilhelm's failureto renew the

'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?

2176 words - 9 pages 'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?The ending of predominant Cold War hostilities between the Western world and the Former Soviet Union at the end of the 1980's significantly affected EU and US relations. The transatlantic framework, which had been developing between these two entities over the last forty years

The Transformations in My Design Process

1285 words - 5 pages how different media affect the process of information consumption and processing. Even more, this movement across media fits into this post-Post Modern world, where actions speak louder than data. This essay will explore how the process of Conversion as design practice has shaped my coursework, and how it has structured my thoughts on instructional design. Δ Instructional Designer People use the word ‘design’ in a number of absurd contexts

The Post-War Era

2161 words - 9 pages The Second World War concluded and the United States became the single most powerful nation in the western world. American history explains the participation of America in the international arena effectively, but when it comes to the domestic arena much is excluded. History has deprived new generations from being able to acknowledge the essential changes that took place within the United States during the Post-war era. The most common struggle

Similar Essays

Usa National Security Strategy (Nss) In Post Cold War Era

1000 words - 4 pages After the Cold War, in the absence of USSR, the world strategic pattern transformed at once. The economic rivalries that had long been concealed by the political and ideological conflict with the Soviet sphere popped up immediately and gradually started to escalate. The post-Cold War world structure is "one super and many great powers", which means that there is only one superpower - the United States. But the United States is super only in

Post Cold War European Security Relations With Turkey And Greece

2273 words - 9 pages Post Cold War European Security Relations With Turkey And GreeceTurkey as part of the European security systemDuring the Cold War, Turkey played a critical role as part of the barrier protecting the West from Soviet advance on the southeastern flank of the alliance, but even then the culture of NATO tended to "central frontism". This concentration on the problems of the Central Front failed to credit Turkey with the role it played in "locking up

'rather Than Being In Decline, Diplomacy Is Still An Essential Mechanism In Managing International Crises And Conflicts.' Discuss In The Context Of The Post Cold War Developments In Global Politics.

2205 words - 9 pages Singh RK (ed.) Investigating confidence-building measures in the Asia Pacific Region, Report 28, Washington DC, the henry Stimson CentreDedring, Juergen 2000, The Role of the UN Security Council in Peace and Security in the Post-Cold War Era: First Steps in the Exploration of a Misunderstood Organ of Global Governance,, G (1993) Making Preventive Diplomacy More effective, Australia, Allen and UnwinJentleson B (Ed

Post War National Security In The United States

2098 words - 8 pages workable post-war national security policy.There is no way to tell the story of post-war national security without also telling the story of George Kennen. Kennen, the foremost expert of Soviet Affairs in early post-war America, is almost wholly responsible for the policy of containment. What we must remember under Kennen's containment is that nuclear diplomacy is not separate from other national security measures as it is often today. Nuclear