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Security Sector Reform And A Sustainable Peace

1554 words - 6 pages

The world we all live in has been going through war and revolt since man was first on the planet. Man has always wanted a certain individuality in their lives. People don’t want to be ruled over or made to make decisions they want to do what they think is right. One of the main problems with this is that not everyone wants the same thing. Because everyone wants different things countries revolt and have wars, which in turn destroys what innocent people wanted which is just to live and be happy. The many countries that this has happened to still are broken and can’t do anything to fix what use to be a nation. Most countries that have revolted and have been in war are stilled crippled even after they are done. Security sector reform is a needed inconvenience for countries to survive after a war or revolt. In the following essay I will talk about how i best think SSR will best help transition countries, two countries that have started the transition in the past thirty years, the impact on the reform or absence of reform, discussing whether SSR in post-war countries differs from countries in political transition, and finally identify challenges in SSR and conditions that allow it to be successful.

The first point of emphasis of this essay is my argument on how to reform security sectors within societies in transition. From the knowledge i have gotten from reading articles and reports i have many ideas on how to best reform a security sector of a broken nation. My first plan is to transitional the military of the country into a non-hostile peace keeping force. This military must not be allowed to convert back to a hostile or rebel militia fit on doing whatever they want. This is shown in a digital document I read, it states, “The continuing security challenges and the lack of international- and national-led security rushed the pace of the re-establishment of a national police force in particular. As a consequence, the focus of the reforms were not as much on a comprehensive census and verification process or on building credible institutions, but more on ensuring a minimal security presence in provinces and districts.”(Fatima Ayub, Sari Kouvo, and Rachel Wareham) This quote shows that when an army is not controlled after being transitioned into a peacekeeping force that they will fall apart and end up not helping at all.

The next point of interest is to analyze two cases in the past thirty years of two transitioning countries two support my argument in the previous paragraph. My countries that have been going through this transition are Iraq and Afghanistan. These two countries have very similar stories. Both were invaded by the U.S. army, but Iraq is now not occupied by the U.S. army. Both of these counties have tried to reform their security sectors but the armies have failed in both cases. This is clearly seen in the paragraph preceding this one for Afghanistan. In similar fashion the Iraqi army has also failed to be reformed. This is a quote...

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