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Segregated African American Children Essay

1332 words - 6 pages

Segregated Children

From the 1880s to about the mid 1960s segregation had taken over American cities and towns. Segregation is the act of setting someone or something apart from other people or things. In America, African Americans were segregated from White people. Segregation was a result of the abolishment of slavery twenty-five years before. Whites still wanted to feel superior to the Blacks, and without slavery to chain them down, they decided to begin segregation by establishing Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws segregated Americans, by the color of their skin, in all public facilities: schools, restaurants, hospitals, schools, restrooms and more. In this essay I will be focusing on two main areas where segregation took place, in education and in childhood and the ways in which this affected African American children. I will also be discussing how the book American Tapestry, featuring stories of slavery, oppression and segregation of Michelle Obama's ancestors, along with her relationship to history and gender studies.
Segregation affected all African Americans, full blooded or mixed, young and old. It impacted young African Americans the most, due to the poor education and self esteem problems it caused. During segregation Whites had better schools, teachers, books and supplies than African Americans. In return this lead to a better education for the Whites, and a poor one for African Americans. “Many whites did not want blacks to become educated, fearing they would challenge white supremacy and not be content with jobs working in the fields or in domestic service”(Virginia). Even with slavery over Whites still did not want to give Blacks any more power than they already had, which still was not much. Many African American adults were not educated because slavery did not allow that, so they gave the children a poor education to make them grow up like their parents. White schools had more money for new books, new supplies, new desks and better teachers to give them better instructions. For Blacks they had teachers who did not receive as much training as White teachers, and they were very underpaid making it a hard decision to keep teaching because other jobs like cleaning, which had better pay. But they were very passionate to educate these young minds and creating a world where they could have a dream to be educated and be whatever they want. However, one court case would change the whole education system, Brown vs. The Board of Education. When Linda Brown was denied access to an all white school in Topeka, Kansas, her father claimed that it violated the Constitutions Equal Clause. So the Court agreed that it violated the Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, this was one of many initial steps to eliminating segregation in schools and eventually eliminate segregation everywhere. This decision did not go over well with Whites, for example when The Little Rock nine happened they were harassed by students and by the parents. Little Rock nine...

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