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Segregated Children In The United States

2120 words - 9 pages

Segregated Children

From the 1880s to about the mid 1960s segregation had taken over American cities and towns. Segregation is the act of setting someone or something apart from other people or things. In America, African Americans were segregated from White people. Segregation was a result of the abolishment of slavery twenty-five years before. Whites still wanted to feel superior to the Blacks, and without slavery to chain them down, they decided to begin segregation by establishing Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws segregated Americans, by the color of their skin, in all public facilities: schools, restaurants, hospitals, schools, restrooms and more. The Whites had their own public facilities and Blacks had their own public facilities. However the facilities were not the same, the Blacks had very poor facilities compared to that of the Whites. The focus of this essay will be on two main areas where segregation took place, in education and in childhood and also the ways in which segregation affected African American children's lives and futures. Also being discussed is how the book American Tapestry, featuring stories of slavery, oppression and segregation of Michelle Obama's ancestors, along with her relationship to history and gender studies relates to the affects it had on the African American children of that time.
Segregation affected all African Americans, full blooded or mixed, young and old. It impacted young African Americans the most, due to the poor education and self esteem problems it caused. During segregation Whites had better schools, teachers, books and supplies than African Americans. In return, this lead to a better education for the Whites, and a poor one for African Americans. Black schools got secondhand books from White schools, teachers that did not have any proper training and schools that did not have sufficient plumping or heating. “Many whites did not want blacks to become educated, fearing they would challenge white supremacy and not be content with jobs working in the fields or in domestic service”(Virginia). Even with slavery over Whites still did not want to give Blacks any more power than they already had, which still was not much. Many African American adults were not educated because slavery did not allow that, so they gave the children a poor education to make them grow up like their parents. White schools had more money for new books, new supplies, new desks and better teachers to give them better instructions. For Blacks, they had teachers who did not receive as much training as White teachers, and they were very underpaid making it a hard decision to keep teaching because other jobs like cleaning, which had better pay. But they were very passionate to educate these young minds and creating a world where they could have a dream to be educated and be whatever they dreamt to be. However, one court case would change the whole education system, Brown vs. The Board of Education. When Linda Brown was denied...

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