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Segregated School Systems Essay

1693 words - 7 pages

History has been said to always repeat itself no matter what situation it is. Segregation was an issue in the early and mid-1900s. Over a hundred years later and America is still facing the same issue. Currently, about 75% of all schools are segregated. This is not intentional; it has a huge part to do with family income status, city vs suburban and public vs private. Most inner city public schools are attended by majority African American rather than Caucasian while suburban public schools are primarily Caucasian rather than African American. Schools in Michigan that are primarily attended by Caucasians are not necessary better than schools that are attended by mostly African Americans.
In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court trial occurred called Brown v. Board of Education. This trial basically ended the racial segregation in public schools across America. It all started with Oliver Brown, a parent whose child was denied an education in a Topeka, Kansas public school district. Although Brown was rejected by the Supreme Court, he decided to do an appeal which in this case the court monitored the school system (The Supreme Court).
About a year later, the court ordered the states to combine their schools after psychological studies had been found on African American girls. This study stated that black girls in separated school grew up with low self-esteem and it may have been a factor of learning and feeling inferior. According to PBS.org, this case alone (Brown vs Board of Education) was the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement.
Public schools are operated at the state level through departments of education. Obtaining public education is free of charge (doesn't depend on the household income) and accepts any child that wants to attend. Because it is a public school, majority of its income comes from the local and state government while a small amount is donated by fundraising from the student and their parents. All schools experience problems, but public schools have higher dropout rates, violent crimes, and lack of teaching from the teachers.
There are also many stereotypes that come with race, education status, and location. One is they are said to have Caucasian families in the suburbs making all the money while African American families are more city folk making below minimum wage (School Choice). If this is true then major cities in America produce little to no income for its state, but suburban areas produce more. But it is also possible that Caucasian families migrate from their suburban areas to the city areas for work and place their children in public schools in the suburbs. Two public school systems in Michigan have many common stereotypes that can relate to any other district in America (Detroit and Livonia). Some stereotypes that affect public schools are: students always use drugs, their behavior is terrible, and there are fights that occur very often. Not that these factors aren't true to public school with...

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