American Civil Rights Movement Terms:
Jim Crow Laws- The Jim Crow Laws were a set of laws with the purpose of allowing the discrimination of African-Americans in the United States. Jim Crow Laws had been previously used in the majority of American states to aid in the enforcement of segregation. These laws made interracial marriage illegal, required business to keep their clients of differing races separate, and promoted the various forms of segregation between races. Following The American Civil Rights Movement, the thirteenth (13th), fourteenth (14th), and fifteenth (15th) Amendments were added to the American Constitution, causing many southern segregation supporters to request their state legislators enact laws (Jim Crow Laws) that would allow them to continue to segregate African-Americans in everyday life. These laws and ones like them are now no longer in use in modern American society, due to segregation being illegal in all American states. These laws were the sort that required Melba and other African-Americans to have to go to a lesser quality school (Horace Mann). Jim Crow Laws were the basis for the system on which segregation was carried out.
Lynching- In reference to The American Civil Right Movement, a lynching is the illegal act of murdering someone by either hanging them by attaching a rope to the person’s neck and pushing them off an object that has a height greater than the rope; so when the person falls, the rope severs or extremely damages the spinal cord, killing the person. Another method is to attach a rope to the person’s neck while they are standing on the ground, string the rope over a tree limb or a similar structure, and another person pull on the opposite end of the rope. This act severs the spinal cord and results in death. Lynching was iconic among white supremacists. This form of racial-based execution of African-Americans was a common threat towards enemies of white supremacy groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK. This form of execution was used mostly during the 1900’s through the 1940’s. This method was usually the primary method of eliminating the Klan’s enemies, especially during the early and middle 1900’s.
In Warriors Don’t Cry, angry segregationists often threated to lynch Melba because they did not want her to attend the same school as Caucasians. They wanted her dead to such a great extent, that they offered a ten thousand dollar reward for her head (proof of the task being carried out). The segregationist did this to incite fear into Melba, hoping that it would convince her to drop out of Central High. If somebody would have been able to, he or she may have lynched Melba as their method of murder, as this was a common threat towards her.
Segregation- Segregation is the separating of races due to racial discrimination. Segregation of races took place in America from the 1860’s to the 1960’s. Segregation was the separating of Caucasians and African-Americans in mainstream society...