Segregation In Education In The Usa

1113 words - 4 pages

In 1950, America had come out of World War Two and was once again one
of the richest and strongest nations but there still was a group of
people who didn’t have the freedom and the equal rights that most
Americans had. This group of people had been slaves for the American
people until 1865 and had always faced discrimination and violence
despite there help in the war effort. The blacks of America had a
dream that things would soon change for them and that they would have
the same opportunities and the same rights that the white Americans
had but this seemed an impossible dream due to segregation, the
“separate but equal” rule in which white and black people of America
were separated in public places e.g. Toilets and buses. “Jim Crow”
laws were also in place in the south, this allowed discrimination
against blacks. The laws were named after a white comedian who gave
abuse to the blacks threw comedy. I will look at Civil Rights
Movement in America and how the Blacks dream began to become reality
when the system of having separate schools for black and white
children in the South began to change.

This was one of the main objectives for the blacks. If they could
desegregate schools then they would gain social acceptance and their
children would grow up together and gradually learn to accept each
other giving blacks social and economic advancement. It was an easy
way to challenge the whites and show that the “separate but equal”
rule was not completely fair. For example, a survey was done in
Claredon Country, South Caroline, which revealed that $13.08 was spent
on blacks education even though 75% of student were black compared to
the whites who got $37.87 spent on education. There was also little
opportunity for blacks to go to universities’.

The first people to try and challenge the education board were the
parents of a young girl called Linda Brown. They believed that the
fact their daughter had to travel five miles to school everyday
because she was not allowed to attended the white school across the
block made the “separate but equal” rule unequal and finally decided
to sue. On May the 17th 1954, the Supreme Court declared, "segregated
schools are not equal and cannot be made equal, and hence they are
deprived of the equal protection of the laws", due to Thurgood
Marshall, director of the NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund.
Brown V’s board of education helped change America forever. The blacks
didn’t get desegregation that easily though and it became a major
problem for them. There was lots of resistance in the south and one of
the main reasons for this were the politicians as they started to act
dictatorially....

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