Some social researchers sustain that nowadays segregation in the United States of America is disappearing, while others withstand the opposite. The purpose of this study is to analyze if there is racially/ethnically segregation at residential level in most cities of the United States, as well as concentrated wealth, privilege, and poverty in certain parts of most cities. A brief historical introduction of the social frame of the United States seemed imperative to understand the power dynamics that lead to different opinions.
More than five hundred years have passed since the discovery of America, colonialism times, and constant migrations from different countries around the world, and American citizens are still talking about segregation. The United States of the twenty first century faces great flows of migrations, causing fear of loosing control of the national borders, traditional sovereignty, homeland security, religion, culture, and customs. This originates feelings of threats to social goods, and properties, possible increments on financial expenses, and therefore social discontent in the American population (Bureiko 2012). It seems that this alarmed and dissatisfied population forgets quite frequently that United States has historically been a nation of immigrants that came from England, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherland, Portugal, Switzerland, and Spain by choice, except the population coming from Africa (by force), to live in the land of the Natives, in the colonialist era. Later, in the period from the 1890s to 1924, a second stream of immigrants brought people from Armenia, Austria, Bohemia, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Moravia, Poland, Portugal, Romanian, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, and Slovenia. Followed by a third stream of immigrants from Arabia, Mexico, and Vietnam during World War II to the present times (Myers 2007).
All these newcomers formed a new society, interacted with each other, shared the territory, and participated in a common culture (Robertson 1987). Dissimilarities among European groups were not enough to create inclusion, and the diverse groups became socially assimilated by the end of the eighteenth century (Natives and African Americans were not included in this assimilation). However, English colonizers controlled the society, with military, political, commercial, religious and other cultural forms of domain, and conformed the majority of the population around 1790 (Myers 2007). The Anglo-Saxon became the dominant group, creating beleaguered groups among Native Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Hispanic Americans throughout history, as these groups were associated with negative stereotypes and prejudice (Myers 2007).
Negative stereotype connotations are born on prejudice. Prejudice is the production of negative feelings toward a different social group than our own, based on the association of the “other” to a particular group....