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Segregation Vs Integration Essay

1731 words - 7 pages

The argument the state brought up were in the defense of continued segregation amongst student based on race. One of the lawyers representing the state was John W. Davis. Davis was a adamant believer in segregation in public schools. In fact once he had lost the case in the supreme court Davis returned the money given to him by the state as he was ashemd to take money for case he lost(kluger,1976). Davis argued that the school were in fact equal in every manner. Davis stated that in fact it was the individuals states that are responsible for the education of it’s citizens. education and the running of “schools was in the power of individual states and not in the federal government.” Davis ...view middle of the document...

As the case began to unfold within the highest court of the Land the United state supreme court the nine justice Douglas, Black, Burton, Minton Fred M. Vinson Stanley F. Reed Tom C. Clark Felix Frankfurter and Robert H. Jackson had to decide on whether to approve of segregation or to have integration. The justice discussed and debated amongst themselves for ______ as their opinions on segregation and its violation of the united states constitution varied I regard to historical questions, possible remedies, beliefs and philosophical positioning . on May 17th, 1954 the chief justice Warren of the Supreme court delivered their unanimous decision. Chief Justice Warren declared that segregation was unconstitutional and overruled the Plessey precedent i set by the Supreme Court nearly 60 years earlier effectively change the face of race relations in the United states indefinably. Chief Justice Warren wrote that: ‘‘to separate [blacks] from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone’’ (347 U.S. 483 [1954]). With the decision the new law of the land was to begin integration of students regardless of race.
Within the United States Supreme Court a new precedent was set. The supreme court and the nine justice acclaimed that educational facilities played a fundamental role with society. Hence, the court reasoned that education is a right as it provides cultural values, good citizenship, and preparation for participation in society. The reasoning became that education must be a equal right regardless of race and that the former doctrine of “separate but equal” did not in any matter meet the required obligations that the united states constitution for equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court justice’s reasoning for equal education nullified the Plessey Ferguson precedent of 1896 and created a new precedent that public educational facilities within the United States could no longer be segregated based on race and any attempt of segregation would be considered a violation of Federal law.
The desegregation and integration of students public educational facilities within the united stated took effect in 1951. Moreover, the justices recognized the difficult of implementing a new law that disregarded the method conduct against African Americans would not. Warren ruled on 31 May 1955 that school districts were required to desegregate ‘‘with all deliberate speed’’ (349 U.S. 294 [1955]). Although the NAACP wanted desegregation within a time frame no less than one year claiming it to be done “forthwith” the supreme court justice knew that various state in particular the south would not easily accept the new law which is why they choose the terminology, “all deliberate speed”. The term, “all deliberate speed”, was used before in the United States...

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