Self Harm Essay

1121 words - 4 pages

Table of Contents
1 Introduction 3
2 Types of Self Injury 3
3 Risk Factors 3
3.1 Childhood Risk Factors 3
3.2 Adult Risk Factors 3
3.3 Co-existing Medical Conditions 3
4 Complications 4
4.1 Medical Complications 4
4.2 Emotional Complications 4
4.3 Practical Complications 4
5 Presentation and Diagnosis 4
6 Prevention and Management 5
6.1 Medical Management 5
6.2 Therapeutical Management 5
6.3 Psychiatric Management 5
7 Conclusion 5
8 References 6
9 Help and Support 6

1. Introduction
Self-injury is a term which describes a variety of behaviours in which there are two critical elements: the damage is acute and the damage is intentional. Self injury is generally an unhealthy effort to cope with overwhelming emotions, such as intense anger, rage, terror or shame. There is often a distinction made by psychiatrists between attempted suicide and self-injury as these acts are most often done without suicidal intent. The damage caused is generally severe enough to leave a bruise, scar or other mark, or cause health issues.

2. Types of self injury
Self injury includes, but is not limited to, cutting, burning, branding, overdosing, bone breaking, interfering with wound healing, scratching, biting, hair pulling (Trichotillomania) and puncturing the skin. It may also include eating disorders, excessive drinking and drug use, although these are disputed by some physicians.

3. Risk factors
3.1 Childhood risk factors
 Sexual abuse
 Neglect
 Emotional abuse
 Physical abuse
 Loss or separation
 Parental mental health issues
 Parental substance abuse
3.2 Adult risk factors
 Rape or sexual abuse
 Psychiatric diagnoses
 Substance misuse
 Absence of emotional support
 Intense and distressing emotions
3.3 Co-existing medical conditions
 Anxiety Disorders (e.g. Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalised Anxiety Disorder)
 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
 Bipolar Disorder
 Autism Spectrum Disorder
 Eating Disorder (e.g. Anorexia Nervosa)
 Personality Disorder (e.g. Borderline Personality Disorder, Anti-Social Behaviour Disorder)
4. Complications
4.1 Medical complications
Approximately 3 in 100 people who self injure over 15 years will die from accidental suicide, 50 times higher than the average rate for those who don't self injure. This risk is greater in men and increases with age.
Various forms of self injure may leave permanent scarring and have a possibility of permanent damage to nerves and tendons which can lead to weakness or numbness.
It is also possible that someone who has cut may need a tetanus shot if the instrument used is not clean or there is poor first aid.
4.2 Emotional complications
People who have self injured are more likely to develop further emotional issues which will lead to other episodes of self injury which can cause greater feelings of shame and/or guilt which may then lead to a routine of self injury to cope with these distressing emotions.
Those who self injure are also more likely to withdraw from...

Find Another Essay On Self Harm

ECT as an Effective Treatment for Self Harm

1458 words - 6 pages ECT as an Effective Treatment for Self Harm in Extreme Cases of Mentally Unstable Patients who Cannot Give Informed Consent There is much controversy in regards to how far a practitioner should go to protect a patient's well-being, whilst trying to adhere to their rights and consent of treatment methods (Feldman, 1990, p. 261). The most ethical solution is to only resort to extreme methods of treatments if the patient is clearly seen as not

John Stuart Mill's Harm Principle Essay

1025 words - 4 pages yourself may also cause emotional harm to those lives around you. Therefore you are not only causing yourself harm you may also be putting other people in harm. An agreement may arise stating that causing harm to one self is not meant to harm others in any way. However I believe that this statement can never be true. Even if it is not meant to harm others does not mean it doesn’t. This principle can have blurry lines in relation to whether or not

Personal opinion of the harm reduction model. A harm reduction approach

1554 words - 6 pages the harm reduction model, I will focus this method with what I believe to be most prevalently misused substances.Originally, I was under the misconception that abstinence was the only method of approach for people with issues of misuse. I have since been introduced to a concept that I am particularly comfortable with, a concept referred to as harm reduction. Goldberg (1999) states, " The basic assumption behind harm reduction is that at least to

In R. v. Malmo-Levine; R. v. Caine, the court held that the harm principle is not a principle of fundamental justice for the purposes of Section 7 of the Charter..

2454 words - 10 pages though the presence of harm to others may justify legislative action under the criminal law power, when harm cannot be proven it does not create an unqualified section 7 barrier to legislative action. The harm principle fails to show consensus about the distinction between harm to others and harm to self is of controlling importance. Finally, the harm principle is not a manageable standard against which to measure deprivation of life, liberty or

Media Essay

1149 words - 5 pages destroy teens’ body image which sadly leads to self harm. Not only can the media lead to self-harm, it also leads to many teens developing unhealthy habits in order to live up to the perceived perfection that they see throughout the media. Equally important, the growing numbers of teens with insecurities can leave teens and their families with expensive medical bills. The world we live in should not be filled with people of all ages and genders

Self Injury research paper

1025 words - 4 pages into their skin. They truly believed that this is what they needed to do in order to be accepted by their God. Although these are the first signs of self-mutilation in the history of the world, it was done for a completely different reason than the people who are participating in it today do it for.Self-injury is simply defined as individuals that deliberately harm themselves. When self-mutilation comes to mind, most people think that self-injury

Evaluating The Obscene and Indecent: The Evolution of Indecency Tests in Canadian Law

2105 words - 8 pages ideology, and somewhat relates to the current indecency test. An important distinction to note is that according to Mill, one should still maintain the right to put themselves in harm as long as it does not affect others (Mill, 2008, p. 324). The Harm Test as defined in Labaye, however, would label a self-harming act as obscene. In my opinion, I believe this test gives Canadians the best of both worlds. The Harm Test ensures no damage is done to society

The 21st Century Romanticism of Personable Mutilation

1502 words - 7 pages I was appalled to find there are multiple forms of self-harm, and that specific self-mutilation is one of the few. Lip biting, scab picking, fingernail chewing, cutting, burning, eating disorders, the list goes on. Most are caused by anxiety driven tendencies: picking at dead skin, or fiddling with fingernails, everyone does though right? Even still, because there is stress, it is a form of self harm. Something so small, one would think it

Integration Celebration: Reducing the Harms of Prohibition

513 words - 2 pages who have spent some time working in the harm reduction field, the constant need to respond to crisis after crisis often feel like bandaging soldiers and sending them back to the front lines. For those of us who are both professionals in the field, as well as drug users, self-respect and gut feelings demand something more.Some of us have spent some time working with peer-based drug user organisations, sometimes as paid professionals and sometimes

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Female Adolescents

1766 words - 7 pages treatment of adolescents struggling with issues related to self-injurious behaviors and the risk factors related to self-harm. When untreated these behaviors can lead to unintentional suicide and as a result it is of utmost importance that mental health professionals approach issues of self-harm with extreme caution, valid assessment tools, and evidence supported treatment. Existing evidence suggests that a strong therapeutic alliance is an

Teens and Self-Cutting

820 words - 3 pages that some forms of self-mutilation represent an attempt at self-healing (Malikow 46). Cutters purposely harm themselves to make them feel better. Self-cutters do not realize the damage they can cause to themselves by cutting. The reason adolescents seek self-cutting rather than talking to a counselor is because they are afraid to talk and feel like no one understands them. Self-cutting is not just a temporary pain-reliever; it is a psychological

Similar Essays

Explaining Self Harm Essay

2334 words - 9 pages stop and overcome self-mutilation. The average self-mutilator has two goals. One being that their acts of self-harm are kept a secret because they feel no one would understand and people would just label them as crazy. The second goal is to have control of themselves. “It’s a way to have control over my body because I can’t control anything else in my life” (Smith 2). They normally feel that they cannot control any aspect of their lives, but they

Self Harm In Adolescence Essay

1844 words - 7 pages unhealthy way of dealing with emotional pain is also known as self injury. Self injury (or self harm) is widely known to take place during the teenage years up until the early years of adulthood (ages 14-24)when judgments become more defined, criticism becomes harsher, and limits are tested. The transition from childhood to adulthood may sound exciting and adventurous to some, but to others, it’s a nightmare they wish they could wake up from. Let us

The Despairing Act Of Self Harm

1078 words - 4 pages your skin is actually the action of self-harm; the intentional hurting of one’s self, direct to the body tissue, with or without the intention of suicide. There are several types of self-harm, such as hair pulling, banging body parts, scratching, burning, ingestion of toxin, and the most frequent one, self-cutting. Apparently, self-harm has been a serious, heart-rending issue, popular among teenagers nowadays. Causes of self-harm are

Suicide And Self Harm Prevention In Schools

2510 words - 11 pages Résumé Razors pain you, Rivers are damp Acids stain you, And drugs cause cramp. Guns aren't lawful, Nooses give, Gas smells awful. You might as well live. ― Dorothy Parker, Enough Rope” Suicide and self harm is effecting the lives of millions of people all over the world. Every 15 minutes, someone looses the will to live and ends their life. Suicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescence whom are between the ages of 15 and 24