Self Knowledge Development From Young Adulthood To Old Age

1264 words - 5 pages

Everyone wants to know exactly who they are and why people differ so drastically at times. There are areas and situations that can be similar and memories that can be shared, but every human is their very own individual who is shaped by so many different things; such as the outside environment and society to past, present, and future events, needs, and wants. The social world plays a significant role in how the person will interact, how it influences the person, and how will they perceive their behavior. All of this is a normal part of life and seen as acceptable to build and grow behaviors. An individual consists of three different concepts within their self. These would be self-efficacy, self-esteem, and the self-concept. These concepts interact and develop who someone is and how they are perceived in the social world. As the self becomes more defined through self-esteem, efficacy, and concept, ones insight on them selves can become much clearer.
Social surroundings affect the awareness of the self, and differences in the environment such as age, health, and socioeconomic status promote specific behaviors directed by personal interest and bias (Orth, Trzesniewski, & Robins, 2010). As the self is concerned with its outside presentation, it adapts in a variety of situations (Myers, 2010).

The relationship between the self and others affects self-awareness while influencing how the self responds and adapts to specific situations (Myers, 2010). Social relationships provoke an evolving definition of self as these associations continue to force self re-identification and redefinition. The self has a deeply rooted capacity for self-protection and self-preservation, and uses cognitive abilities to support and maintain stability to its fundamental character. The self-concept is composed of schemas that are “beliefs about the self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant information” (Myers, 2010). Using mental templates, individuals can organize and accommodate various aspects of their internal world while providing a safe integration into the external social world (Myers, 2010). The personal self-schemas include models of current self-descriptions along with those of the possible self. The self-schema of the possible self includes ideas and hopes for positive potential while simultaneously harboring and avoiding visions of the feared or dreaded self (Myers, 2010).

Although humans seem to know themselves better than they know anything else in their world; self-knowledge is flawed and not always accurate. This is seen to be true especially in the personal perspective of behavioral motivations (Myers, 2010). Cultural influences of the self are mostly invisible and external observation. The unconscious processes influence and often times undermine the conscious choices and behaviors (Myers, 2010). Humans most often play down the importance of emotionally stimulating and traumatic events that they have experienced all the while...

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