John Locke talks of the gradual opening of conscious mind which according to him is initially empty (a tabula rasa). This empty mind, a tabula rasa, is shaped by sensations and reflections or experiences in general. In some thoughts concerning education, Locke expressed his belief on the importance of education in development of man. He says that the extent of their goodness and usefulness boils down to their education (Piel, 2002). The impressions that the mind gets in childhood are lasting and form the basis of self. He expressed this in his “associations of ideas” and his views on this later came to be known as “assocationism”. Associationism as a theory was very influential and warned parents from allowing their children have to develop negative associations.
Rousseau believed that education should teach the pupil mastery of self to live a virtuous life in a world which is not perfect (Fingerman, & Lang, 2004). He believed that proper environment and guidance form a tutor will guide the student through the learning experiences. The experiences of the results of right and wrong rather than physical punishment are learning tools. This view is shared by modern psychologists. He advocated for developmentally appropriate education to match the need to the child at every stage of its development.
John Bowlby had a keen interest in child development and concentrated his research on that. His research on the mental health of the homeless kids on Europe after the war led to the conclusion that lack of warm and continuous relationship between a mother and kid affects the mental health of the kid negatively (Newman, P., & Newman, B., 2007). Although the results of his findings were contested, recent developments have confirmed that the child’s experiences in interpersonal relationships early in life are important to their psychological development. John Bowlby’s work on attachment theory stresses that young kids form emotional attachments to parents, guardians or caregiver if they are responsive to the child (Rider, & Sigelman, 2008). Due to the emotional attachment formed, in time of distress, children seek to be close to the caregiver or familiar people and use them also as a base in their exploration of the environment. Emotional attachments formed as a child form the basis of emotional and personality development. In some instances, the behavior the toddler develops towards some familiar people, be they parents, siblings, or others, influences their behavior towards the same people later in life. Separating a toddler from familiar people impacts the child emotional and cognitive development negatively.
Considering the theories of John Locke, Jean-Jacque Rousseau and John Bowlby on child development in relation to caregivers and environment, I would say that they certainly explain my experience to a point. I say this because their explanations are generic and therefore in some ways, may not apply to individual cases. I must admit that education...