Course Title: Introduction to Linguistics
Course code: ENG 305
A.K.M. Manzurul Islam
Department of English
Noor E Jannat
Id no: 314ENB0003
Department of English
Date of submission: 22-08-2017
Semantics?(from?Ancient?Greek:??s?mantik?s, "significant")?is the study of?meaning. It focuses on the relationship between?signifiers?like?words,?phrases,?signs, and?symbols?and what they stand for, their?denotation.Semantics?is the study of meaning that is used for understanding human expression through language. Other forms of semantics include the semantics of programming languages, formal logics, and?semiotics. In?international scientific vocabulary?semantics is also called?semasiology.
The word?semantics?was first used by?Michel Br?al, a French philologist.?It denotes a range of ideas?from the popular to the highly technical. It is often used in ordinary language for denoting a problem of understanding that comes down to word selection or?connotation. This problem of understanding has been the subject of many formal enquiries, over a long period of time, especially in the field of?formal semantics. In?linguistics, it is the study of the interpretation of signs or symbols used in?agents?or?communities?within particular circumstances and contexts.?Within this view, sounds, facial expressions, body language, and?proxemics?have semantic (meaningful) content, and each comprises several branches of study. In written language, things like paragraph structure and punctuation bear semantic content; other forms of language bear other semantic content.
The formal study of semantics intersects with many other fields of inquiry, including?lexicology,?syntax,?pragmatics,?etymology?and others. Independently, semantics is also a well-defined field in its own right, often with synthetic properties.?In the?philosophy of language, semantics and?reference?are closely connected. Further related fields include?philology,?communication, and?semiotics. The formal study of semantics can therefore be manifold and complex.
Semantics contrasts with?syntax, the study of the combinatorics of units of a language (without reference to their meaning), and?pragmatics, the study of the relationships between the symbols of a language, their meaning, and the users of the language. Semantics as a field of study also has significant ties to various representational theories of meaning including truth theories of meaning, coherence theories of meaning, and correspondence theories of meaning. Each of these is related to the general philosophical study of reality and the representation of meaning.
Semantics as a branch of Linguistics?-?in?linguistics,?semantics?is the subfield that is devoted to the study of meaning, as inherent at the levels of words, phrases, sentences, and larger units of?discourse?(termed?texts, or?narratives). The study of semantics is also closely linked to the subjects...