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Semi Brief Harry S. Truman Biography

1493 words - 6 pages

Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884, the son of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Truman. His family included Vivian, and Mary Jane. His family had moved several times during Truman's childhood. The family moved to a farm in Grandview in 1887. Then in 1890 was another move to Independence, and again in 1902 to Kansas City. Truman attended public schools in Independence and graduated from high school in 1901. After leaving school, he worked for a short time as a timekeeper for a railroad construction contractor, then as a clerk in two Kansas City banks. In 1906 he returned to Grandview to help his father on the farm. He then continued working as a farmer. Truman served in the Missouri National Guard from 1905 to 1911, during WWI, in 1917, he helped organize the 2nd Regiment of Missouri Field Artillery, which was called into service as the 129th Field Artillery and sent to France. During WWI, Truman was promoted to Captain. He and his unit fought in the Vosges, Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns. After the war Truman joined the reserves, eventually gaining the rank of colonel. Harry S. Truman married Bess Wallace on 28 June 1919. On February 17, 1924, they had their only child, Mary Margaret. Truman was elected to be one of three judges of the Jackson County Court in 1922. He was defeated for reelection in 1924, but won election as presiding judge in the Jackson County Court in 1926. He won reelection in 1930. Truman was elected to the United States Senate in 1934. After his reelection to the United States senate in 1940, Truman gained a position as chairman of the Senate Special Committee in order to investigate the National Defense Program. Truman was nominated to run for Vice President with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in July 1944. On 20 January 1945, he took the vice-presidential oath. And after President Roosevelt's unexpected death, eighty-two days later on April 12, 1945, he was sworn in as the thirty-third President of the United States of America . Then in 1948, the Democrats nominated him to run for president against the Republican Thomas E. Dewey, Progressive Henry Wallace, and Dixicrat Storm Thurmond. Truman won the election with 303 of the possible 531 electoral votes and 49% of the popular vote. Truman did not seek reelection in 1952. He then retired to Independence, Missouri. He later died on December 26, 1972 .During Harry S. Truman’s presidency, a number of significant cultural, economic, and political events took place. Circa 1940’s, was the dawning of the nuclear age. It was started with either the development or dropping of the first atomic bomb. This event was a direct cause from Harry S. Truman. The first attack with an atomic bomb took place on August 6, 1945 in Hiroshima during Truman’s presidency . American and World culture changed after the debut of the A-bomb. Atomic bombs can now be found in books, film, art, music, video games, ect. WWII ended in Europe on May 8, 1945...

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