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Separation Anxiety Disorder Among Children And Adolescents

1315 words - 5 pages

This paper examines the various symptoms of Separation Anxiety Disorder among children and adolescents, the refusal of children diagnosed with Separation Anxiety Disorder to go to school, and the treatments that are used to treat this disorder. Studies have shown that Separation Anxiety Disorder is the third most common anxiety disorder among children. Symptoms are fairly easy to recognize, but must be addressed quickly. Refusal to go to school is one of the most significant consequences of this disorder. Treatments are being made available to children who suffer from this disorder and advances in research are being made.

As human beings, we all have the capability of experiencing emotions and feelings. People can experience happiness, sadness, joy, sorrow, pain, excitement, and many other emotions. For example, how would one expect a child to feel if their parental figure got deployed to Iraq for a year? One feeling that is quite common, especially among adolescents and children is anxiety, more specifically, separation anxiety. Although many people are unaware of its existence, social anxiety disorder is the third most common psychiatric disorder, after depression and alcoholism, according to the Medical Research Council on Anxiety Disorders. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) affects between 3% and 13% of adolescents (Eisen & Schaefer,
2005). While some people believe that separation anxiety is simply a fear of being alone that is caused by simple factors such as smothering a child or never leaving a child in the care of another human being, this disorder is a complex and multifaceted emotion that can be caused by several factors such as changes in the environment, stress, or the build of a family. This paper will focus on the main symptoms of SAD, school refusal in adolescents diagnosed with SAD, and the treatments of children and adolescents diagnosed with SAD.
SAD is one of the most commonly diagnosed anxiety disorders among children. It is completely normal for adolescents, especially in very young adolescents, to experience some degree of separation anxiety. In comparison, separation anxiety disorder is excessive worry or anxiety that goes beyond the expected amount for the child's developmental level. SAD is characterized by excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from those to whom a child is attached. While some tend to believe that this anxiety disorder is more common among females than males, it has been determined that SAD occurs at approximately the same rate in males and females (Eisen & Schaefer, 2005). Separation Anxiety Disorder is not permanent. It can be cured; however children with SAD are at higher risk for the development of other anxiety disorders and depression not only in adolescence, but in adulthood as well. Studies have shown that children who are diagnosed with SAD are much more likely to have are much more likely to develop panic disorder, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity...

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