September 11 And The Ethics Of Jihad

4313 words - 17 pages

September 11 and the Ethics of Jihad

         The Western world has long been aware of the anti-Jewish, anti-Christian, and anti-American rhetoric taught by extremist Muslim groups. The concept of jihad existed as a vague notion: one of those Islamic things; something to do with the disputes in the Middle East. On September 11, 2001, the topic suddenly gained paramount importance in the mind of the common man.


"I will shed my blood for you, Oh Palestine, take back the land that is ours."

"I am not afraid of suicide, God will receive me for I will be a martyr."

"Jihad is my destiny, my life."

Chants taught in Palestinian elementary schools.1


 Jihad came under additional scrutiny as word spread of the fax that Osama bin Laden allegedly sent to the al-Jazeera television station in Qatar later in September.2


Bin Laden's fax was a call to Pakistani Muslims to participate in jihad against the United States. "We incite our Muslim brothers in Pakistan to deter with all their capabilities the American crusaders from invading Pakistan and Afganistan... I assure you, dear brothers, that we are firm on the road of jihad... to destroy the new Jewish Crusade."3 The fax forced Muslims and non-Muslims worldwide to consider, even if only for an instant, the validity of the claim. Was this a legitimate application of jihad? Were all Muslims compelled to fight alongside the Taliban? Even as the war in Afghanistan draws to an apparent close, the question is still worthy of consideration, for if bin Laden is correct, then non-Muslim nations are literally powerless to defend themselves against Muslim nations without creating a monstrous backlash from all Muslims of the world who heed the holy call.


Ever since the time of the Crusades, Muslim circles have debated the controversy surrounding the jihad. When is the appropriate time to wage jihad? Who has the authority to declare one? How authoritative are boundaries and treaties? What is the ultimate purpose of jihad? The Qur'an itself dutifully provides enough vague wordings that the same text is interpretable in many different ways. Nevertheless, there is some consensus - and some dissent - in the post-colonial Muslim world.


The Essence of Jihad


The word jihad or djihad in the Arabic language can be translated in a number of different ways, a variety of definitions ranging from the traditional Western phrase "holy war," to the "efforts of Christian missionaries."4 Three of the possible practical interpretations are expounded by Rudolph Peters, a professor at the University of Amsterdam, Majid Khadduri, a native of Iraq and an emeritus member on the board of the Middle East Institute,5 and Emmanuel Sivan, professor at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.


Peters defines jihad as "any effort toward a subjectively praiseworthy aim, which need not necessarily have anything to do with religion... it does not always denote armed...

Find Another Essay On September 11 and the Ethics of Jihad

September 11: The Clash of Civilizations

1216 words - 5 pages the United Stated of American on September 11, 2001 was due to the freedoms that Americans live with everyday. The 1st Amendment in the Bill of Rights states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (NARA). Americans live

The Origins of Terrorism and Jihad

2878 words - 12 pages an Arab nation plays a role in negotiations as well. Arab regimes must be constantly aware of their domestic situations and must be sensitive to this political climate to prevent restlessness and maintain internal stability. This world seems to be so very different than the one the United States has been living in for so long. The attacks on September 11 have brought the United States out of her own little world and into a much more complex one

A Comparison of the September 11 Attack and the Attack on Pearl Harbor

577 words - 2 pages There are many similarities and differences between the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. One attack was committed by terrorists and the other was committed by a government. After Pearl Harbor, we entered a world war, and after the terrorist attacks, we invaded another country. Both Attacks were grave threats to our national security. To begin, the two attacks were launched by different types of

Economic effects of september 11.

2281 words - 9 pages recessions.We can never know, with confidence, how the economy would have evolved had the Sputnik launch, the oil ban or the September 11 attacks never occurred. Such events are uncommon, and each has sole aspects. Moreover, our understanding of the terrorist threat and the measures necessary to combat it is still developing. With this caveat in mind, it appears that the September 11 terrorist attacks subtracted possibly 1 percentage point from annualized

The Effects of September 11 on the Canadian Economy.

1013 words - 4 pages The Effects of September 11 on the Canadian EconomyWhile September 11 did cause a great loss of taxpayers money that went towards security there has also has been a big loss to tourism and as a consequence the hotel business in Canada has suffered.Loss to Hotel IndustryThe front headlines of many major news papers said the news loud and clear. Hotel group says it cut 500 jobs since the U.S. terror attacks, read the Associated Press. Hotel Chain

Terrorism: The September 11 Attacks

1653 words - 7 pages The September 11 attacks occurred in the year 2001 which were a series of attacks planned by the Islamic terrorist group Al-Qaeda. The attacks took place in New York and Washington D.C. Nineteen terrorists hijacked four airplanes that day. Two of those airplanes that were hijacked were known as the American Airlines Flight 11 and the United Airlines Flight 175. Those two airplanes were crashed into the North and South towers of the World Trade

The September 11 Terrorist Attacks

2147 words - 9 pages On September 11, 2001 an Islamic terrorist organization named al-Qaeda committed a devastating and scaring act of terrorism towards the United States. There was four different attacks that occurred which were carried out by four passenger airliners that were hijacked. Two of the attacks took place in New York City (World Trade Center’s North and South Towers), one was at the Pentagon in Arlington Country (Virginia), and the other occurred in a

Changes Caused by the Attacks of September 11, 2001

1694 words - 7 pages . government know that all a person needed to bypass security, and gain access to secure areas of the airport was a fake law enforcement badge and credentials. Another area in American airport security left behind was the ability of security screeners who were commonly trained poorly and therefore unable to identify objects such as bombs, knives, guns, etc. However, it only took one event to turn this all around. This event being, the September 11

The Real Meanings of Jihad

2563 words - 10 pages The concept of Jihad was not widely known in the western world before the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. Since then, the word has been woven into what our media and government feed us along with notions of Terrorism, Suicide Bombings, Hamas, Al-Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden, and now, Jihad. Our society hears exhortations resounding from the Middle East calling the people to rise up in Jihad and beat back the imperialist

The Changing Definition of Jihad

1996 words - 8 pages who fights against America. Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the term Jihad has been used in newspapers and newscasts at an alarming rate. Jihad seems to be redefined to mean any “offensive war to be waged by Muslims against all non- Muslims to convert them to Islam on the pain of death.” (Newsonterror). This meaning is contradictory to the teachings of peace and respect found in the Five Pillars of Islam, the Hadiths attributed to

This is an essay about how the media and different people have profited from the tragedy of September 11, 2001

1602 words - 6 pages The tragedy of September 11, 2001, has changed the American way of life forever. We have gone from the age of superiority to a time of fear and mistrust. To make matters worse it seems that the media has pounced upon this as a cat for a treat. They have licked their lips and have cried for more, more, more. This all started the day two airplanes crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center. America was devastated to think that the

Similar Essays

The Influence Of September 11. Essay

2922 words - 12 pages world's biggest financial centre and on the important air transport industry, and sent shock waves through the US and world economy. What will be the effects on the world economy over the coming months and the next few years?THE UNKNOWABLE CONSEQUENCES of likely US military action and its repercussions make it difficult to predict the trajectory of the world economy. Nevertheless, it is already clear that the events of 11 September will reinforce

Islamic Terrorism And The Attack Of September 11

3194 words - 13 pages       “I am scared because I don't exactly know and understand the complex world problems that would cause people to direct their hatred toward America"  (Mary Coleman, New York Times News Service 9/14)       Even during the initial shock of September 11 that swelled my patriotism, even amidst the solemn mood of heroism that stirred my respect for the victims, their families, the New York City workers, and in spite of a sudden admiration for

The Impact Of September 11, 2001

1471 words - 6 pages On September 11, 2001 a series catastrophic events occurred in New York City, New York. Al-Qaeda planned strategically conducted events, known as suicide attacks. Nineteen al-Qaeda members hijacked four commercial airplanes, including United Airlines Flight 93, American Airlines Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77 and United Airlines 175. Two of the planes purposely crashed into the World Trade Center buildings. In addition, another plane

The Impact Of September 11, 2001

1534 words - 6 pages On September 11, 2001, terrorists savagely attacked the United States of American. Thousands of individuals lost their lives as two airplanes crashed into the two World Trade Center 1`buildings and the Pentagon. This brutal act shook the world. This terrorists’ attack has changed many aspects of people’s lives worldwide. It not only affected the US but everyone around the world. During the aftermath, we learned that we lost one of our native